Synthesis of pH-Sensitive Hydrogel Based on Starch-Polyacrylate Superabsorbent

DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2012.322038   PDF   HTML   XML   8,629 Downloads   13,658 Views   Citations

Abstract

In this article, we synthesize of a novel starch-based superabsorbent hydrogel via graft copolymerization of mixtures of acrylic acid (AA) and 2-Hydroxy ethyl methacrylate (HEMA) onto starch backbones. The polymerization reaction was carried out in an aqueous medium and in the presence of ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator and N,N’-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. The hydrogel structures were confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. Furthermore, the swelling of superabsorbing hydrogels was examined in solutions with pH values ranging between 1 and 13. It showed a reversible pH-responsive behavior at pHs 2 and 8. This on-off switching behavior makes the synthesized hydrogels as an excellent candidate for controlled delivery of bioactive agents. A proposed mechanism for hydrogel formation was suggested and the structure of the product was established using FTIR and SEM spectroscopies.

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M. Sadeghi and F. Soleimani, "Synthesis of pH-Sensitive Hydrogel Based on Starch-Polyacrylate Superabsorbent," Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, Vol. 3 No. 2A, 2012, pp. 310-314. doi: 10.4236/jbnb.2012.322038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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