Share This Article:

Soil Erosion around Foundations of Houses in Four Communities in Ghana

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:187KB) PP. 28-32
DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2012.21005    5,200 Downloads   8,795 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soil erosion studies around houses in four communities in Ghana were carried out from August to November, 2010. Thirty houses were selected from each of the four communities for the study. Measurements of slope and the depth of exposed foundation of houses were done with the help of a string and a tape measure. Data were also obtained through questionnaire and interview of house owners. The Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to measure some relationships among data. In the selection of site for building a house, higher percentage of the house owners considered no factor. The major cleaning activity around the surrounding of houses was noted to be sweeping with a broom. All the houses in the communities had their foundations exposed, 57% - 93% of the houses had exposed foundations up to a level within 51 - 100 cm which was classified as “Severely Exposed”. The extent of building foundation exposed by soil erosion was found to be positively correlated with the age of building and the slope of the land. Most of the respondents controlled soil erosion by blocking water ways with materials such as, sand heaps, stones and sacks filled with soil. Only 10% of the respondents from one of the communities planted grasses around their houses to control soil erosion. Communities need to be educated to plant grasses around their houses to beautify the surroundings and to control soil erosion.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

K. Agyarko, J. Adu, D. Gyasi, S. Kumi and L. Mensah, "Soil Erosion around Foundations of Houses in Four Communities in Ghana," Open Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 28-32. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2012.21005.

References

[1] F. R. Troeh and L. M. Thompson, “Soils and Soil Fertility,” Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, 2005.
[2] N. W. Hudson, “Soil Conservation,” B.T Brantford Ltd., London, 1989.
[3] D. Favis-Mortlock, “The Extent of Soil Erosion,” 2005. http://soilerosion.net/doc/extent_of_erosion.html
[4] D. Pimentel, C. Harvey, P. Resosudarmo, K. Sinclair, D. Kurz, M. McNair, S. Crist, L. Shpritz, L. Fitton, R. Saffouri and R. Blair, “Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits,” Science, New Series, Vol. 267, No. 5201, 1995, pp. 1117-1123. doi:10.1126/science.267.5201.1117
[5] J. Gyamfi-Aido and R. G. Congalton, “Application of GIS to the Assessment of Land Degradation and Associated Hazards in the Upper East Region of Ghana,” Proceedings 2nd International Conference, Extracts and Workshop on GIS, San Francisco, 26-30 October 1987, pp .487-497.
[6] Cowlitz County Building Planning Department, “Calculating Slope,” 2008. http://www.co.cowlitz.wa.us/buildplan/forms/Calculating%20Slope
[7] Advameg, “Countries and Their Culture—Culture of Ghana —History, People, Clothing, Traditions, Women, Beliefs, Food, Customs, Family,” 2011. http://www.everyculture.com/GeIt/Ghana.html#ixzz1bbv67slj
[8] Permalink, “Home Building Remodeling,” 2008. http://www.homebuildingremodeling.com/cgi-bin/mt-tb.cgi/6
[9] K. Agyarko, E. O. Akoto, and A. Awuah, “Characterization of Solid Wastes Generated by a Community in Ghana —The Case of Asante Mampong,” Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 46-51.
[10] Google’s Cache, “Factors Affecting Soil Erosion,” 2011. http://www.spindigo.com/doctorluke/www/Transcripts/agriculture_eng/2_10_soil_erosion_factors.htm.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.