Palynomorphs and Oribatid Mites—From the Denwa Formation, Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, India


Palynological investigation of the Denwa Formation exposed along Denwa river succession at Saptadara picnic point near village Jhirpa, Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, has revealed the presence of spore-pollen, fungal remains and Oribatid mites. Here, the mites are on record for the first time. Presence of fungal remains strongly depicts the prevalence of a very humid climate with high temperature and rainfall in the region. Poor occurrence of spore-pollen restricts the age determination of the studied section; hence, its age assessment is relative. Thus, an over-view of spore-pollen along with dinocysts and insects reported earlier from the subsurface strata comprising Denwa Formation, from other two localities in the nearby area of village Anhoni, is dealt herein, and that had inferred an age—range from Carnian to Rhaetic for the palynoflora and fauna.

Share and Cite:

V. Vijaya and S. Murthy, "Palynomorphs and Oribatid Mites—From the Denwa Formation, Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, India," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2012, pp. 195-205. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2012.31022.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. B. Medlicott, “Notes on the Satpura Coal Basin,” Me- moir Geological Survey of India, Vol. 10, 1873, p. 159.
[2] D. C. Bharadwaj, R. S. Tiwari and A. Prakash, “Talchir Mioflora from Northern Satpura Basin, India,” Palae- obotanist, Vol. 25, 1978, pp. 62-69.
[3] D. C. Bharadwaj, R. S. Tiwari and A. Prakash, “Palynology of Bijori Formation (Upper Permian) in Satpura Gondwana Basin, India,” Palaeobotanist, Vol. 25, 1978, pp. 72-78.
[4] S. C. Srivastava, A. Prakash and O. S. Sarate, “Palynology of the Talchir Formation from Betul Coalfield, Satpura Basin, India,” Palaeobotanist, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1989, pp. 81-84.
[5] S. C. Srivastava and O. S. Sarate, “Palynostrati-graphy of the Lower Gondwana Sediments from Shobhapur Block, Pathakhera Coalfield, Madhya Pradesh,” Palaeobotanist, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1989, pp. 125-133.
[6] B. H. Tiffney and E. S. Barghoorm, “The Fossil Record of the Fungi,” Occasional Pa-pers Farlow Herbarium, Har- vard University, Vol. 7, 1974, pp. 1-42.
[7] P. Kumar, “Palynodating of Denwa Formation, Satpura Basin, India,” Plant Cell Biology Development, Vol. 11, 2000, pp. 9-18.
[8] P. Kumar, “Palynomorphs from Denwa Formation (Late Triassic), Satpura Basin, India,” Geophytology, Vol. 29, 2000, pp. 99-104.
[9] P. Kumar and P. Kumar, “In-sect Remains from Upper Triassic Sediments of Satpura Basin, India,” Current Science, Vol. 76, No. 12, 1999, pp. 1539-1541.
[10] A. Nandi, “Palynological and Palaeontologi-cal and Faunal studies of Upper (Mesozoic) Gondwana of Sat-pura Basin, M.P,” Record Geological Survey of India, Vol. 127, No. 6, 1994, pp. 283-284.
[11] P. Kumar, “Permo-Triassic Palynofossils and Depositional Environment in Satpura Basin, Madhy Pradesh,” Geophytology, Vol. 25, 1996, pp. 47-54.
[12] K. A. Pirozynski, “Fungal Spores through the Ages—A Mycologist View,” Proceeding of IV International Palynological Conference, Lucknow (1976-77), Vol. 1, 1978, pp. 327-330.
[13] H. E. Ewing, “Arachmid Order Acarina,” In: F. M. Carpenter, Ed., Insects and Arachmida from Canadian Amber, Geological Series, Vol. 40, 1937, pp. 56-62.
[14] S. Hirst, “On Some Arachmid Remains from the Old Red Sand-stone,” The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Vol. 12, Series 9, 1923, pp. 455-474.
[15] G. W. Krantz and D. E. Walter, “A Manual of Acarology,” 3rd Edition, Texas Teech University Press, Lubbock, 2009.
[16] W. L. Magowski, “Fossil Heterostigmatid Mites in Amber-85 Million Years Old an Orthropod Mite Relationship,” In: D. Kropezyaska, J. Boczkek and Tomezyk, Eds., The Acari, Physiological and Ecological Aspects of Acarihist Relationships, Dabor, Warszawa, 1995, pp. 53-58.
[17] H. Crookshank, “Geology of the Northern Slopes of the Satpuras between the Morand and the Sher Rivers,” Me- moir Geological Survey of India, Vol. 66, No. 2, 1936, pp. 242-272.
[18] C. S. R. Rao, “Coal Resources of Madhya Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir,” Bulletin Geological Survey of India Series A, No. 45, Coalfields of India III, 1983, pp. 1-204.
[19] M .V. A. Sastry, S. K. Acharya, S. C. Shah, P. P. Satsangi, S. C. Ghosh, P. K. Raha, G. Singh and R. N. Ghosh, “Stratigraphic Lexicon of Gondwana Formation of India,” Miscellaneous Publication Geological Survey of India, Vol. 36, 1977, pp. 1-170.
[20] A. Nandi, “Palynodating of Carbona-ceous Shale from Denwa Formation, Satpura Basin, M.P., In-dia,” IX International Gondwana Sequences, Gondwana Nine, Vol. 1, 1996, pp. 79-87.
[21] S. Bandopadhyay and D. P Senguptha, “Middle Triassic Vertebrate of India,” Journal of African Earth Science, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1999, pp. 233-241. doi:10.1016/S0899-5362(99)00093-7
[22] A. Tripathi and A. K. Raychowdhuri, “Triassic Paly- noflora from the Ma-huli-Mahersop Area, Singrauli Coalfield (Southern Extension), Sarguja District, Chhattisgarh, India,” Journal of the Palaeon-tological Society of India, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2005, pp. 77-99.
[23] I. B. Singh, “Mineralogical Evidences for Climate Vicissitudes in India during Gondwana Times,” Geophytology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1976, pp. 174-185.
[24] S. Murthy and M. S. Chauhan, “Fungal Remains from the Denwa Formation, Sat-pura Basin, Madhya Pradesh and Their Palaeoenvironmental Implication,” Journal of Indian Association of Sedimentologist, 2011, in press
[25] R. A. Norton, P. M. Bonarno, J. D. Grier-son and W. A. Shear, “Oribatid Mite Fossils from a Terrestrial Devonian Deposit near Gilboa, Newyork,” Journal of Palae-ontology, Vol. 62, No. 2, 1988, pp. 259-269.
[26] S. Murthy and P. Kumar, “Oribatid Mite Remains from Denwa Formation (Late Triassic), Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, India,” Jour-nal of Palaeontological Society of India, 2011, in press.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.