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Cardiovascular Disorders during HIV-AIDS in the Point G University, Hospital Internal Medical Service

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DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2020.101002    94 Downloads   221 Views

ABSTRACT

The number of HIV-infected patients in the world is estimated at 34 million, including 30.1 million adults with 2.7 million new infections and 1.8 million deaths from HIV according to the 2011 UN AIDS report [1]. The prevalence of HIV infection in the general population of Mali is estimated at 1.1% according to DHSM-V [2]. Cardiovascular manifestations are increasingly encountered during our consultations with patients living with HIV. Thus we initiated this work with the aim of studying the cardiovascular lesions during the HIV-AIDS in the department of internal medicine of the point G. Methods: This retrospective descriptive study was conducted in the Internal Medicine department of the University Hospital Center (CHU) of the Point G from January 2008 to December 2012. Having included all HIV + patients hospitalized in the service with cardiovascular manifestations and who had performed a chest X-ray, cardiac and vascular ultrasound, electrocardiogram and/or cerebral computed tomography. Results: At the end of this work, 20 patients with cardiovascular lesions were identified in 273 hospitalized patients during the study period, i.e. a frequency of 7.3%. The 40 to 50 age group accounted for 45.0% with an average age of 42.4 ± 8.73 years. The most common cardiovascular risk factors were hypertension and active smoking with 31.58% each. Pericarditis accounted for 32% of cases, followed by cardiomyopathies with 23%. Conclusion: In our study, cardiovascular lesions are common in PHAs and etiologies are dominated by pericarditis.

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BD, C. , AK, T. , A, S. , D, T. , M, D. , IB, D. , D, S. , AA, D. , K, D. , N, T. , A, K. and HA, T. (2020) Cardiovascular Disorders during HIV-AIDS in the Point G University, Hospital Internal Medical Service. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 10, 13-20. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2020.101002.

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