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Design of Self-Assembling Molecules and Boundary Value Problem for Flows on a Space of n-Simplices

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DOI: 10.4236/am.2019.1011065    73 Downloads   185 Views
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ABSTRACT

Self-assembling molecules are ubiquitous in nature, among which are proteins, nucleic acids (DNA and RNA), peptides and lipids. Recognizing the ability of biomolecules to self-assemble into various 3D shapes at the nanoscale, researchers are mimicking the self-assembly strategy for engineering of complex nanostructures. However, the general principles underlying the design of self-assembled molecules have not yet been identified. The question is “How to obtain a well-defined shape with desired properties by folding a chain of subunits (such as amino acids and nucleic acids)”, where properties are determined by the precise spatial arrangement of the subunits on the surface. In this paper, we consider the question from the viewpoint of the discrete differential geometry of n-simplices. Self-assembling molecules are then represented as a union of trajectories of 3-simplices (i.e., tetrahedrons), and the question is rephrased as a “boundary value problem” for flows on a space of tetrahedrons. Also considered is a characterization of two types of surface flows of n-simplices. It is a rough classification of surface flows, but may be essential in characterizing important properties of biomolecules such as allosteric regulation. The author believes this paper not only provides a new perspective for the engineering of self-assembling molecules, but also promotes further collaboration between mathematics and other disciplines in life science.

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Morikawa, N. (2019) Design of Self-Assembling Molecules and Boundary Value Problem for Flows on a Space of n-Simplices. Applied Mathematics, 10, 907-946. doi: 10.4236/am.2019.1011065.

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