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Antiretroviral Therapeutic Profile in Patients Living with HIV with Chronic Kidney Disease

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DOI: 10.4236/aid.2019.93019    251 Downloads   523 Views


Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) is one of the important complications during HIV infection. The advent of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) has significantly improved the prognosis of these patients. This was a descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study of people living with HIV received at the Ambulatory Treatment Center (ATC) of the Department of Infectious Diseases of Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital (CHU-SO). The study period was 6 months from January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2018. A total of 234 patients were enrolled during the study period. The mean age of patients at initiation of treatment was 42.07 ± 9.49 years with an average duration of follow-up under antiretroviral treatment of 5.61 ± 3.22 years. The female sex was predominant (70.09%) and a sex ratio (M/F) of 0.43. Most people living with HIV were mostly classified at clinical stage 2 (30.77) and 3 (31.62%) of WHO at initiation of HAART. The mean CD4 rate was 223.30 ± 143.764 at initiation of HAART and 462.58 ± 202.723 at the time of study. The frequency of CKD was 11.11%. The majority of patients were placed in a fixed combination of Tenofovir/Lamivudine/Efavirenz in a proportion of 81.20% of cases. In univariate analysis shows that age greater than 45 years (p = 0.017). Pathological proteinuria (p = 0.021) were associated with CKD. In multivariate analysis, only age (p = 0.045) and pathological proteinuria (p = 0.035) were significantly associated with CKD.

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Tsevi, Y. , Bawe, L. , Nemi, K. , Moukaila, A. , Patassi, A. and Majesté Ihou, M. (2019) Antiretroviral Therapeutic Profile in Patients Living with HIV with Chronic Kidney Disease. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 9, 252-262. doi: 10.4236/aid.2019.93019.

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