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Environmental Impact of Lefa Gold Mining on Its Local Population, Republic of Guinea

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DOI: 10.4236/nr.2019.108020    187 Downloads   425 Views

ABSTRACT

Republic of Guinea’s environmental situation is characterized by the continued degradation of natural resources. Lefa gold mine is one of the Guinean Republic’s gold companies which support the socioeconomic improvement. It operates in the northeastern part of the country and extracts the ore gold by open pit method by using cyanide. The exploitation of the Lefa Gold Mine impacts the natural resources and the surrounding population. This paper considers the impact of Lefa Gold Mine activities on the environment and its local population including ecological disturbance, destruction of fauna and flora, land and landscape degradation. The study was carried out in April to July 2013 in two villages, Fayalala Carrefour, and Lèro Karta. Questionnaires were illustrated for data collection, and the proposed sampling size number (1204 respondents) consisted of the two villages and the surrounding villages was founded on the proximity to the mine sites and their degree of suffering after a direct impact of mining activities. 961 (79.82% of respondents) adhered to the research to provide information about the situation. The principal objective of this paper was to provide new information on the problems existing in the achievement of mining policies that will help to mitigate the environmental impacts of gold mining activities on the local population. From the respondents, the results showed that the Lefa gold mine’s activities contaminated the farmland (31.21%), allowed the extinction of many animals and plant species (28.19%), which caused the change of the landscape of the study area. However, the most important situation was the life of the surrounding population. Therefore, the study has proposed a serial of recommendation to help Lefa gold mine reduce the impact of their activities on the environment and local population.

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Kolie, B. , Yao, J. , Sunahara, G. and Duonamou, L. (2019) Environmental Impact of Lefa Gold Mining on Its Local Population, Republic of Guinea. Natural Resources, 10, 305-323. doi: 10.4236/nr.2019.108020.

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