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Childbirth Complications among Adolescent Mothers at Mbala General Hospital in Mbala District, Zambia

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DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.97051    211 Downloads   430 Views

ABSTRACT

Aim: The study aim was to explore childbirth complications among adolescent mothers at Mbala General Hospital, Zambia. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study design of 138 adolescent mothers aged between 10-19 years was carried out over a period of five months at a referral hospital (Mbala General Hospital) in Mbala District, in the Northern Province of Zambia, Central Africa. Results: Maternal age prevalence was 31.1% for all admissions. The childbirth complications identified on admission were prolonged labour (42%); during Labour-Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD) (59.7%), prolonged labour (20%), in the post-partum period, Post-Partum Hemorrhage (PPH) due atonic uterus at 20%. The most prevalent co-morbidity was Anemia (55.6%). A statistically significant association was observed between childbirth complications and parity with a P-value of 0.001. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates an association between childbirth complications and parity while the childbirth complications of prolonged labour, Contracted Pelvic Disproportion, premature rupture of membrane and PPH were observed.

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Regina, C. , Margaret, M. , Ngoma, C. and Chileshe, M. (2019) Childbirth Complications among Adolescent Mothers at Mbala General Hospital in Mbala District, Zambia. Open Journal of Nursing, 9, 629-675. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2019.97051.

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