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Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Petroleum Contaminants in Soils under Tropical Weather Conditions

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2019.103010    391 Downloads   711 Views

ABSTRACT

GC-FID methods for the analysis of Petroleum hydrocarbons were developed and optimised. Contamination of soil from the Niger Delta was investigated about 40 days after crude oil spillage from the Shell Petroleum marginal well head. Soil samples and controls were collected at depths of 0 - 15 cm, 15 - 30 cm and 30 - 60 cm. Samples were analysed using gas chromatography fitted with a flame ionisation detector. Penetration and migration of C10-C26 and C26-C34 hydrocarbons through the soil layers were assessed by cluster analysis to determine the spatial distribution, penetration and similarity of these compounds over the contaminated area. The results also indicated elevated levels of total hydrocarbon contents when compared with the reference sites. Recommendations are made to carefully monitor and remediate the environment.

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Okop, I. and Persaud, K. (2019) Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Petroleum Contaminants in Soils under Tropical Weather Conditions. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 10, 112-125. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2019.103010.

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