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Fertility after Neosalpingostomy through Laparoscopic Way in Point “G” Teaching Hospital

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2019.102007    299 Downloads   451 Views

ABSTRACT

The endoscopic surgery is actually the golden standard for the management of infertility. Its results look better than classical surgery. The aim of the study was to assess the fertility rate among infertile women who have undergone a laparoscopic distal tubal plasty and to estimate factors influencing this fertility. From January 2007 to December 2016 a descriptive and analytical cross sectional retrospective study was conducted in the departments of general and laparoscopic surgery of the Point “G” Teaching Hospital in Bamako, Mali. Clinical records of 120 laparoscopic patients with distal tubal occlusion who have undergone a neosalpingostomy were collected. Average period of infertility was 6.7 years (from 1 to 25 years), and the average duration before laparoscopic surgery was 5 years. Main abnormalities were: 50 cases of bilateral tubal distal occlusion (41.7%), 14 patients with unilateral tubal distal occlusion (11.7%), 44 cases of bilateral hydrosalpinx (36.6%) and 12 cases with unilateral occlusion (10.0%). Seventeen patients had adhesions (14.1%) including 4.0% of tubo-peritoneal adhesions, 35.5% of tubo-ovary adhesions and Fitz Hugh and Curtis syndrom adhesions in 17.7% of cases. More than half of the patients (58.0%) had a grade II tubal score. Neosalpingostomy had led to bilateral tubal repermeabilization among 60.0% of the patients. Thirty two point five percent (39/120) pregnancies have been observed after the management. Conception probability was null after the 4th post operative year. The majority of pregnancies have been observed in the 11th month after laparoscopic management. During the follow-up, thirty one patients had intrauterine pregnancy (79.5%), four ectopic pregnancies and three miscarriages. The occurrence of pregnancy was influenced by the desire of the woman, the absence of co-morbidity, the tubal score, the result and the quality of the laparoscopic gesture and the duration of the fertility. Conclusion: In our working setting, neosalpingostomy by laparoscopic surgery is an accessible and feasible method in the management of distal tubal infertility. It has permit to treat infertile patients with more chance of success. The occurrence of pregnancy is associated to tubal disease thoroughness, endoscopic gestures quality and the duration of the fertility.

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Soumaila, K. , Youssouf, T. , Lamine, S. , Sekou, K. , Oumar, S. , Aboubacar, C. , Moussa, C. , Moussa, S. , Sissoko, A. , Adama, K. and Z. Zimogo, S. (2019) Fertility after Neosalpingostomy through Laparoscopic Way in Point “G” Teaching Hospital. Surgical Science, 10, 49-58. doi: 10.4236/ss.2019.102007.

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