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Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns of Urine and Biofilms in Patients with Indwelling Urinary Catheter in Denden Hospital, Asmara, Eritrea

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DOI: 10.4236/aim.2019.92010    499 Downloads   1,013 Views

ABSTRACT

The intricate infections leading to long-term morbidity of catheterized patients are due to the presence of a covering and blocking the lumen of urinary catheters by biofilms which have increased ability of resistance to host immune system and antibiotic treatment. The biofilm mode of growth is a basic survival strategy implemented by bacteria in a wide range of settings such as environmental, industrial and clinical aquatic settings. Bacterial growth on the inner surface of the catheter with biofilm formation is frequent and may occur within days of catheter placement. This study investigated the formation of biofilm inside catheter lumen of patients from Denden hospital, Asmara, Eritrea. And also, it assessed the antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of biofilm isolates and compared it with urine isolates. Resistance to antibiotics was observed in biofilm isolates more than urine isolates. E. coli was the most frequently isolated organism in both biofilm and urine samples.

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Alem, L. , Mohammed, S. , Humida, M. , Adugna, B. , Medhin, F. and Weldu, T. (2019) Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns of Urine and Biofilms in Patients with Indwelling Urinary Catheter in Denden Hospital, Asmara, Eritrea. Advances in Microbiology, 9, 131-138. doi: 10.4236/aim.2019.92010.

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