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A Review of Promising Electrocoagulation Technology for the Treatment of Wastewater

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DOI: 10.4236/aces.2019.91009    514 Downloads   983 Views


A review of the literature published on topics interrelated to electrochemical treatment within wastewater by using sacrificial anodes was presented. Electrocoagulation (EC) is a technique used for water and has a great ability on various wastewater treatments, industrial processed water, and medical treatment. It has potential in removing various pollutants such as chemical oxygen demand turbidity, ammonia, color, and suspended solid. One of the most necessities industries is Textile industries which release large volumes of wastewater that contains different dyes. Azo dyes contain strong N = N bond which is not easily broken by conventional methods. The discharge of this type of wastewater to natural watercourse can pose serious environmental impacts to aquatic life. Electrocoagulation (EC) method depends on several factors as electrode material, current density, operation time and PH. The review describes, discusses and compares the types of that electrode influencing the EC process in various wastewater and leachate. Both operating costs and electrical energy consumption values were found to vary greatly depending on the type of electrodes material and solution being treated.

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Sadik, M. (2019) A Review of Promising Electrocoagulation Technology for the Treatment of Wastewater. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 9, 109-126. doi: 10.4236/aces.2019.91009.

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