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Shallow Subsurface Stratigraphy Inferred from the Use of Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) Survey in Central Chihuahua, Mexico

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DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2019.91002    256 Downloads   391 Views

ABSTRACT

Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) provide fast and economical measurements used in geophysical exploration. VES were carried out in El Sauz-Encinillas (ESE) aquifer, in northern Mexico, to determine apparent resistivity and geoelectrical units’ thickness. Despite it being one of the three main aquifers feeding Chihuahua city, a lack of available geophysical data prevails in its northern portion. The main goal of this study was the determination of the geoelectrical units in the subsurface stratigraphy via electrical-resistivity soundings. The ESE’ aquifer is located within alluvial Quaternary sediments, with varying granulometry and reaching from a few meters to more than 600 meters of thickness at the center of the valley. Forty-five vertical electrical resistivity soundings (Schlumberger array, maximum AB/2 distance of 500 m) were performed throughout ESE aquifer’s northern portion. Field data were analyzed using software. Results illustrate a wide variability in resistivity values throughout the study area. Five geoelectrical units were identified: 1) a hardpan topsoil, with resistivity values ranging from 200 - 800 Ω-m ; 2) an alluvial material mixture (sand/silt) with resistivity values ranging from 25 to 100 Ω-m; 3) playa lake-type material (clay/evaporites mixture) with resistivity values ranging from 0.2 to 15 Ω-m; 4) a gravel/sand mixture with resistivity values from 100 to 300 Ω-m; and 5) a partly fractured rock or conglomeratic material with resistivity values ranging from 400 to 3500 Ω-m. The electrical resistivity data, therefore gives reasonably accurate results that can be used to understand the subsurface stratigraphy and basement configuration in groundwater exploration.

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Villalobos-Aragón, A. , Espejel-García, V. , Espejel-García, D. and Rivas-Lobera, L. (2019) Shallow Subsurface Stratigraphy Inferred from the Use of Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) Survey in Central Chihuahua, Mexico. Open Journal of Geology, 9, 15-28. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2019.91002.

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