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Treatment Modalities for Post Corrosive Esophageal Strictures: 5 Years Experience

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DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2018.811041    312 Downloads   605 Views

ABSTRACT

Background: Management of post-corrosive esophageal strictures represents a major challenge for clinicians. There are many options for treatment as dilatation alone or dilatation with injection of corticosteroids, stent placement, and surgery. The aims of the study: This is a retrospective study to assess the success rate of different treatment modalities for post-corrosive esophageal stricture including: endoscopic dilatation, stenting or surgery and to define any complications. Methods: Clinical and endoscopic data for patients with post-corrosive esophageal stricture admitted to the endoscopy unit between September 2012 and September 2017 were collected. Retrospective analysis of data was done to detect the types of treatment, success rate and any detectable complications. Results: A total of 50 patients with their ages ranged between 3 and 20 years were included in this study. Male patients represented 54% (27 patients) and females were 23 (46%). The cause of caustic material ingestion was mainly accidental (47 patients, 94%) and only 3 patients were suicidal (6%). Dilatation was successful in most cases either with or without injection of corticosteroids (39 patients, 78%). Stenting was a good option in cases of refractory or recurrent dilatations (11 patients; 22%) with excellent results. Surgery rarely needed (only in one patient) and only when dilatation and stenting failed. Conclusions: Endoscopic treatment of post-corrosive esophageal stricture has a good result and low rate of complications. The covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) is a good option in cases of refractory strictures, surgery rarely needed and after failure of previous modalities.

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Mohamed, M. , Mahmoud, H. and Tag-Adeen, M. (2018) Treatment Modalities for Post Corrosive Esophageal Strictures: 5 Years Experience. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 8, 394-404. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2018.811041.

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