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The Effect of the Dual Household Registration System on the Population Risk in China

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DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.511011    430 Downloads   697 Views
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ABSTRACT

In order to understand the factors influencing the population risks accurately, this paper analyzes the influence mechanism of China’s dual household registration system on population risks. It is found that the China’s dual household registration system combined with specific employment, welfare and social security system and family planning policy, and caused the differences of population risks between the urban and rural. The dual household registration system affects the fertility level, the sex ratio at births and mortality, then affecting the urban and rural population size risks and structure risks. The differences of welfare and social security level between the urban and rural residents binding in the dual household registration system affect the size and structure of rural-urban migrants, thus affecting the size risks and structure risks of urban and rural population. The welfare and the urban-rural differences of social security level generate social exclusion, thus the dual household registration system affects the risks of social exclusion in cities.

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Yan, S. (2017) The Effect of the Dual Household Registration System on the Population Risk in China. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 5, 147-159. doi: 10.4236/jss.2017.511011.

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