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Two Cases of Hallopeau Type of Pemphigus Vegetans in Two Women in Burkina Faso

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DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2017.73018    521 Downloads   1,014 Views

ABSTRACT

Pemphigus of Hallopeau (PH) is a mild and pustular form of pemphigus vegetans, termed initially as “pyodermite végétante” described by Hallopeau. We report cases in two black women. Two women aged 32 and 36 respectively (case 1 and case 2) were seen for a pustulosis associated with blisters and erosions. Their history and their review have found the mouth ulcerations. The clinical examination showed pustules on the cephalic end, the trunk, the limbs and the large folds. Lesions had a polycyclic aspect and spread in a centrifugal way, developing towards budding, squamous and scabby erosions quickly surrounded by new pustules. Regression left a pigmented macula. Histological examination of the skin lesion showed images similar to vulgaris pemphigus (PV), together with hyperacanthosis and papillomatosis. Aspects observed in immunofluorescence were identical to those of PV (case1). General corticoid therapy led to a rapid disappearance of lesions in Case 1 but in Case 2 the Lever protocol combining corticoid and methotrexate have been used. PH is rarely described in our regions. Clinical diagnosis is not obvious for the uninitiated. Beyond the clinical presentation, PH has the same paraclinical diagnosis and the same treatment as PV.

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Andonaba, J. , Konaté, I. , Valentin, K. , Diallo, B. , Ouédraogo, M. and Korsaga-Somé, N. (2017) Two Cases of Hallopeau Type of Pemphigus Vegetans in Two Women in Burkina Faso. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 7, 199-203. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2017.73018.

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