Share This Article:

Antimicrobial therapy using sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim for Kawasaki disease patients unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin

HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:46KB) PP. 27-29
DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2011.13007    4,137 Downloads   7,991 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Our previous study suggested that the production of superantigens and heat-shock protein 60 by small intestinal bacteria might play a role in Kawasaki disease (KD). We demonstrated that they were all resistant to commonly used antibiotics, except for sulamethoxazole trimethoprim (SMX-TMP). We used SMX-TMP for 7 cases of KD that were unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and studied the antipyretic potency of this treatment. In 6 out of the 7 cases, we demonstrated that antipyretic potency was observed without side effects within 2 days of the initial administration. Antimicrobial therapy using SMX-TMP might represent a novel strategy for cases of KD that are unresponsive to IVIG.

Cite this paper

Nagata, S. , Yamashiro, Y. , Fujimori, M. , Chiba, Y. , Ohtsuka, Y. and Shimizu, T. (2011) Antimicrobial therapy using sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim for Kawasaki disease patients unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 1, 27-29. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2011.13007.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.