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Risks Factors of Caries and Periodontal Diseases in the Patients, after 5 Years Use a Partial Removable Denture

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DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2016.68024    1,840 Downloads   3,031 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: The goal of the removable partial denture is to restore impaired esthetics and masticatory function by replacing missing teeth. The aim of this study was to establish a possible correla-tion between removable partial denture in acrylic resin use after 5 years and dental diseases. Materials and Methods: Partially edentulous patients presenting for removable denture treatment at the Prosthodontics service of the Affiliated Hospital of Kinshasa University, Democratic Republic of Congo were assessed in this study. Patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups: Denture and non-denture group. Caries and periodontal diseases were compared between both groups. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The average age in the denture and non-denture-group was 53.15 (±SD 22.05) and 31.59 (±SD 11.98) years. Out of 160 teeth were decayed, both 110 teeth (68.75%) in the denture-group and 50 teeth (31.25%) in the non-denture group. The DMFT index calculated at start time of the study was 0.2 for both groups, after five years was 7.1 for the denture-group and 2.6 for the non-denture-group. The plaque index in the denture-group had an index of 1 and that of non-denture-group was 0.5. Conclusion: The relationship has been found between patients’ wearers a RPD and dental diseases.

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Augustin, M. , Joke, D. , Bourleyi, S. , Shenda, L. , Fidele, N. , Gabriel, B. , Pierre, S. , Kazadi, E. , Ediz, E. , Pierrot, K. , Mbuebo, M. , Kanda, N. and Naert, I. (2016) Risks Factors of Caries and Periodontal Diseases in the Patients, after 5 Years Use a Partial Removable Denture. Open Journal of Stomatology, 6, 185-192. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2016.68024.

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