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A Secure Robust Gray Scale Image Steganography Using Image Segmentation

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DOI: 10.4236/jis.2016.73011    2,800 Downloads   3,639 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Steganography is the art of hiding a secret message in some kind of media. The main goal is not to hide only the secret message but also the existence of communication and secure data transferring. There are a lot of methods that were utilized for building the steganography; such as LSB (Least Significant Bits), Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), Discrete Fourier Transform, Spread-Spectrum Encoding, and Perceptual Masking, but all of them are challenged by steganalysis. This paper proposes a new technique for Gray Scale Image Steganography that uses the idea of image segmentation and LSB to deal with such problem. The proposed method deals with different types of images by converting them to a virtual gray scale 24 bitmaps, finds out the possible segments inside image and then computes the possible areas for each segment with boundaries. Any intruder trying to find the transformed image will not be able to understand it without the correct knowledge about the transformation process. The knowledge is represented by the key of image segmentation, key of data distribution inside segment (area selection), key of mapping within each area segment, key agreement of cryptography method, key of secret message length and key of message extension. Our method is distinguishing oneself by one master key to generate the area selection key, pixels selection keys and cryptography key. Thus, the existence of secret message is hard to be detected by the steganalysis. Experiment results show that the proposed technique satisfied the main requirements of steganography; visual appearance, modification rate, capacity, undetectability, and robustness against extraction (security). Also it achieved the maximum capacity of cover image with a modification rate equals 0.04 and visual quality for stego-image comparable to cover image.

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Bawaneh, M. and Obeidat, A. (2016) A Secure Robust Gray Scale Image Steganography Using Image Segmentation. Journal of Information Security, 7, 152-164. doi: 10.4236/jis.2016.73011.

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