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Synthesis and Cytotoxicity of Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from Cyclohexane-1,3-Dione

PP. 1-16
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101115    1,623 Downloads   2,095 Views Citations
Author(s)
Mohamed A. Shaaban, Mona M. Kamel*, Yara R. Milad

Affiliation(s)

Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

ABSTRACT

Cyclohexane-1,3-dione (1) was used as a template to develop new anticancer compounds. The ring modification of compound 1occurred through its reaction with either aromaticaldehydes or benzenediazonium chloride to produce the corresponding products. The latter compounds underwenttheterocyclization reactions through the reaction with elemental sulfur and some active methylene reagents to produce tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophene derivatives. The reaction of compound 1 with elemental sulfur and phenylisothiocyanategave the tetrahydrobenzo[d]thiazole derivative. The cytotoxicity of the newly synthesized products against human cancer and normal cell lines was evaluated. Some compounds showed high cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. The results showed that compounds 3b, 5c, 7b, 10b, 12, 14b, 16, 18b, 19b, 20b, 21 and 24 showed the highest cytotoxicity. Moreover, the toxicity of twelve active compounds were measured.

KEYWORDS

Cyclohexane-1, 3-Dione, Thiophene, Thiazole, Pyridazine, Cytotoxicity

Cite this paper

Shaaban, M. , Kamel, M. and Milad, Y. (2014) Synthesis and Cytotoxicity of Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from Cyclohexane-1,3-Dione. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-16. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101115.
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