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Developing Framework to Test Driving Performance at Left-Turn Movement with In-Vehicle Advance Collision Warning Message

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DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2016.61004    4,646 Downloads   5,232 Views

ABSTRACT

Left-turning traffic without a protected left-turn signal is one of the major safety concerns at urban intersections. Though an average of only l0% - 15% of all approaching traffic turns left, significantly a large proportion of left-turn crashes occur involving 21% of all intersection fatal crashes. Where traditional safety countermeasures of signal timing-phasing and use of flashing yellow light have reportedly failed to significantly reduce the rate of crashes, an in-vehicle advance collision warning message can be helpful to reduce left-turn collisions at intersections. In this study, an in-vehicle audio warning application has been designed by providing two safety warning messages (Advance Warning Message and Safe Left-turn Maneuver Message) under the vehicle to vehicle (V2V) communication system, which is triggered based on the acceptable gaps of oncoming opposing vehicles for a safe left-turn. A driving simulator test has been conducted with 30 participants to investigate the impacts of warning messages on performance measures such as speed and acceleration profiles, collision records, brake reaction distance, and intersection clearance time. Statistical results showed that with the help of these messages, all participants were able to reduce speeds and accelerations and chose suitable gaps without potential conflicts. Moreover, the results of questionnaire analysis provide a positive acceptability especially for the Safe Left-turn Maneuver Message. Based on the performance measurements, this type of safety warning messages can be recommended for possible real-road tests for practical applications.

Cite this paper

Nabi, M. , Qiao, F. , You, B. and Yu, L. (2016) Developing Framework to Test Driving Performance at Left-Turn Movement with In-Vehicle Advance Collision Warning Message. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 6, 30-42. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2016.61004.

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