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Formulation of Ceramic Water Filter Composition for the Treatment of Heavy Metals and Correction of Physiochemical Parameters in Household Water

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DOI: 10.4236/adr.2015.34013    3,734 Downloads   5,052 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

The process of using ceramic water filter to remove contaminants and microbes in water processing is becoming more effective and popular among ceramists and homes in developing countries. However, ceramic filters are not known to treat heavy metals effectively. Therefore, this research work is targeted at developing ceramic water filter that is capable of removing heavy metals in water at household levels. The body composition is formulated with charcoal, saw dust, snail shell, glass cullet and clay so as to make it porous, remove microbes and treat heavy metals by adsorption process in the filter. The formulated bodies are shaped and fired to a temperature of (850oC - 900oC) and water is allowed to run through the material. Physiochemical and heavy metal test are conducted on the water and it is discovered that samples G and H have the highest flow rate and sample H is effective for the treatment of microbe and the removal of heavy metals in water with significant reduction in Zinc, Nickel, Manganese, Lead, Chromium and Copper. It also shows that the filter which is produced is effective for high correction of physiochemical parameters in household water treatment.

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Ajayi, B. and Lamidi, Y. (2015) Formulation of Ceramic Water Filter Composition for the Treatment of Heavy Metals and Correction of Physiochemical Parameters in Household Water. Art and Design Review, 3, 94-100. doi: 10.4236/adr.2015.34013.

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