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Collective Calculation of Actual Values of Non-Photochemical Quenching from Their Apparent Values after Chloroplast Movement and Photoinhibition

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611180    3,240 Downloads   3,812 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters such as Fv/Fm, NPQ and ΦII (YII) are widely used to estimate the fitness and photosynthetic activity of plant leaves and non-photochemical dissipation of excessive excitation energy in photosystem II. The effect of chloroplast movement on these fluorescence parameters reduces the accuracy of estimations of the size of de-excitation processes, but there is no method to calculate correct parameters from altered (fluctuated) parameters. Chloroplast movement was recently identified as the “middle” kinetic component of NPQ. In this paper, we devised a complex but reasonable mathematical method to remove the effect of chloroplast movement on fluorescence parameters, based on our previously reported fluorescence theory. The fraction of “S fluctuation” (designated as σ) was estimated from fluorescence observations and used to calculate the non-fluctuated Fs and Fm. fluorescence yields. From the σ values, the fractional change of light absorbance by a leaf caused by chloroplast movement was estimated at 70% - 100%, which varied according to the experimental conditions and plant species. The effect of photoinhibition on fluorescence parameters was also examined in this paper. The photochemical and non-photochemical de-excitation sizes during photoinhibition (measured by the parameters qPI and qSlow) changed on a single regression line. Using this correlation, qPI and qSlow can be predicted from Fv/Fm, and the non-fluctuated Fm and Fo values can be estimated from the fluctuated Fm and Fo values.

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Kasajima, I. , Suetsugu, N. , Wada, M. and Takahara, K. (2015) Collective Calculation of Actual Values of Non-Photochemical Quenching from Their Apparent Values after Chloroplast Movement and Photoinhibition. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1792-1805. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611180.

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