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Case Study: Emerging Advantages of Climate Change for Agriculture in Kano State, North-Western Nigeria

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DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2015.43021    4,297 Downloads   5,156 Views

ABSTRACT

The current climate change is affecting the environment in diverse ways. Some of the effects are good and some others bad. The good side has not been given its deserved attention in Nigeria, nor has it in most parts of the world. Some areas are becoming warmer and wetter, which could enhance agriculture. This paper therefore examined the rainfall and temperature trends as tools of climate change over Kano State, north-western Nigeria, which is an area well known for agriculture. Rainfall and temperature data covering a period of 43 years (1971-2013) were collected and analyzed using the moving averages, regression and correlation statistics. Results obtained showed gradual but steady increases in both temperature and rainfall. The results indicate that Kano State is warming at an average annual rate of 0.011°C and becoming wetter at a rate of 21.26 mm per annum. An implication of this increased rainfall for farmers in the area is the opportunity to increase crop and animal production. This is because more rainfall can now be harvested. Also, soil moisture, rivers, dams, and ponds are being recharged more, thus making water more available and longer lasting for crops and animals.

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Okemini Nwagbara, M. (2015) Case Study: Emerging Advantages of Climate Change for Agriculture in Kano State, North-Western Nigeria. American Journal of Climate Change, 4, 263-268. doi: 10.4236/ajcc.2015.43021.

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