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Development and Validation of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours Scale (OCBS) for the Nigerian Context

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DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.65051    4,584 Downloads   5,585 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

This study examined key dimensions of organizational citizenship behaviours in the Nigerian context and validated appropriate measure of the construct in Nigeria. One hundred (100) employees comprising of forty seven (47) males and fifty three (53) females from public and private organizations in Lagos State participated in this study. Consequent upon the cultural sensitivity of organizational citizenship behaviour dimensions, Organizational Citizenship Behaviours Scale (OCBS) was validated as a suitable measure of OCB in the Nigerian context. Factor analysis was used to identify the specific dimensions of the OCBS to include: Organizational Involvement (OI), Dutifulness (D) and Interpersonal Relationship (IR), consisting nine (9), nine (9) and twelve (12) items respectively. The KMO measure of sampling adequacy showed a value of .59. This value simply shows that the sample of 100 participants was adequate to conduct factor analysis on the OCBS. The Bartlett’s test of Sphericity showed a significant value (x2(1830) = 3578.981,p< .001). The 30 item OCBS scale has a Cronbach alpha of .86, the Dutifulness sub-scale .74, the Interpersonal Relationship .75 and the Organizational involvement .88. The convergent validity between OCBS and the Intrinsic Religiosity dimension of the Religious Orientation Scale developed by Allport and Ross (1967) was found to be significant at .01. This paper concluded and recommended that the dimension of generalized compliance is vital to the measure of organizational citizenship behaviours in the Nigerian context and should not be underplayed.

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Olowookere, E. & Adejuwon, G. (2015). Development and Validation of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours Scale (OCBS) for the Nigerian Context. Psychology, 6, 533-539. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.65051.

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