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The Impact of Declining Fertility on Children, Parents and Policy

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DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.29052    3,562 Downloads   4,112 Views Citations
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ABSTRACT

This paper, based on an international study of declining fertility, highlights the impact on children, parents and policy. Though in general, fewer children per family, are associated with young people’s increased health, well-being and education, the increase in the numbers of elderly will put pressure on women to carry the burden of, not only caring for their young, but also large numbers of elderly relatives, while at the same time contributing to a declining work force. Although there is little evidence that lone children do worse than children from a two-child family, the pressure on young people is great as they bear the hopes and aspirations of their family members and their societies to fill the gap in a world with fewer children. The paper concludes that social policy the world over will need to be alert to the impact of changing demography and the importance of investing in children so that they can contribute in a future world where they will be at a premium.

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Buchanan, A. (2014) The Impact of Declining Fertility on Children, Parents and Policy. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 328-335. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.29052.

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