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A Pictorial Review on the Role of 64-Slice HD MDCT in Detecting Post CABG Cardiothoracic Complications

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DOI: 10.4236/ojts.2014.42011    4,023 Downloads   4,775 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of this study is to have a pictorial review on the role of 64-slice multi-detector computerized tomography (MDCT) in detecting post coronary artery graft (GABG) cardiothoracic complications. Materials & Methods: During the period from November 2012 to December 2013, a prospective evaluation of 40 patients with suspected post-operative cardiothoracic complications underwent MDCT coronary angiography in our clinical radiology department. Informed consent was obtained from all patients and the study had institutional review board approval. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: There were 35 males and 5 females, their mean age ± (SD) of 57 ± 3.9 years. A total of 60 grafts were available for evaluation. Two patients could not be evaluated due to clip-artifacts and advanced atherosclerotic disease. Eleven patients showed occluded graft (9) at proximal and distal (2) anastomosis. Seven patients showed pericardial effusion and pleural effusion (8). Two patients had chest wall infection with retrosternal extension and associated mediastinal involvement. One patient showed aneurysm at the re-implanted coronary artery after Bentall procedure, another patient had postoperative myocardial infarction, one patient showed dissection of the ascending aorta, one patient pseudoaneurysm of left ventricle, two patients localized pericardial hematoma, two patients pulmonary embolism, and two patients showed pneumonia. All these complications occurred from 1-60 days from surgery. Conclusion: HD MDCT is an easy non-invasive technique which showed to be effective in diagnosis of most postoperative CABG cardiothoracic complications and is gaining more ground in difficult clinical situations.

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Helmy, I. , Asbeutah, A. , ElFiki, I. and Arafa, O. (2014) A Pictorial Review on the Role of 64-Slice HD MDCT in Detecting Post CABG Cardiothoracic Complications. Open Journal of Thoracic Surgery, 4, 48-58. doi: 10.4236/ojts.2014.42011.

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