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Assessment of a portfolio as an effective tool to promote self-management among patients with ischemic heart diseases: A preliminary trial

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.65053    3,906 Downloads   5,093 Views

ABSTRACT

Portfolio has been used as an approach to promoting self-learning in the field of education and its effectiveness was reported in school education. The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of portfolio as a tool for educating patients with ischemic heart diseases as self-management behavior in terms of applicability and efficacy. Subjects of this study were seventeen patients who had myocardial infarction or angina. They were assigned to collect information about their themes chosen from diet, exercise, alcohol intake, smoking cessation, and stress management and gathered in files. Thirty minutes face-to-face educational interviews were conducted by a nurse for once per month over three months. Self-management, self-efficacy, and physiological data were evaluated for baseline and 3 months. Two participants dropped within two months (completion rate is 88.2%). The results showed that portfolio was effective as a self-management education tool on patients who were willing to participate, but did not improve physiological data if they did not continuously implement lifestyle change. Moreover it was dangerous when the patients acquired incorrect information on diseases. For these patients, health education by health professionals is required prior to conducting portfolio. Attributes fit for portfolio were assessed. Effectiveness of portfolio related to high self-efficacy and high self-management, but did not relate to living status, having job, educational background, and health locus of control.

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Otsu, H. , Moriyama, M. , Yuka, Y. and Omori, T. (2014) Assessment of a portfolio as an effective tool to promote self-management among patients with ischemic heart diseases: A preliminary trial. Health, 6, 364-373. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.65053.

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