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Comparing the Recall to Pleasant and Unpleasant Face Pictures in Depressed and Manic Individuals

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DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.51004    2,748 Downloads   3,940 Views Citations


The main purpose of the present study is to compare the perception of recalling pleasant and unpleasant face pictures in the case of depressed and manic people. Methodology: The present study is an analysis based on a comparative type research; the statistical sample is made up of depressed and manic people (males) referred to LAVASANI Hospital in Tehran City using Beck’s depression questionnaire and a diagnostic interview based on (SCID) DSMIV 30 depressed individuals who were selected after the process of screening. Ranging from moderate to high depression levels (with a cut-off point of 21 and higher), samples of 30 people with manic and 30 depressed people were compared with 30 healthy individuals. It should be mentioned that three groups were convergent in terms of age, gender, marital status and educational level. Then, a test involving computer-based cognitive-neural recall (emotional facial Pictures) was carried out on the related subjects. Findings: A t test of both independent groups was used to evaluate the convergence of the groups and multi variable bilateral variance analysis (MANOVA) was used to assess the pleasant and unpleasant perception of images among three groups. The results of the study showed that there is a difference among three groups in terms of recalling pleasant and unpleasant faces so that the depressed group shows a higher level of recall in terms of unpleasant images than the other two groups, but it indicates little recall of pleasant images in comparison to the other two groups (p < 0/05). Conclusion: The findings of the present study include some explicit outcomes in relation to the application of therapeutic approaches and concentrated educational methods on the amendment of emotional bias in depressed and manic people.

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Sardaripour, M. (2014). Comparing the Recall to Pleasant and Unpleasant Face Pictures in Depressed and Manic Individuals. Psychology, 5, 15-19. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.51004.

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