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Non-Stationary Signal Segmentation and Separation from Joint Time-Frequency Plane

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DOI: 10.4236/jsip.2012.33043    4,992 Downloads   7,269 Views Citations


Multi-components sinusoidal engineering signals who are non-stationary signals were considered in this study since their separation and segmentations are of great interests in many engineering fields. In most cases, the segmentation of non-stationary or multi-component signals is conducted in time domain. In this paper, we explore the advantages of applying joint time-frequency (TF) distribution of the multi-component signals to identify their segments. The Spectrogram that is known as Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) will be used for obtaining the time-frequency kernel. Time marginal of the computed kernel is optimally used for the signal segmentation. In order to obtain the desirable segmentation, it requires first to improve time marginal of the kernel by using two-dimensional Wiener mask filter applied to the TF kernel to mitigate and suppress non-stationary noise or interference. Additionally, a proper choice of the sliding window and its overlaying has enhanced our scheme to capture the discontinuities corresponding to the boundaries of the candidate segments.

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A. Alshehri, "Non-Stationary Signal Segmentation and Separation from Joint Time-Frequency Plane," Journal of Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 339-343. doi: 10.4236/jsip.2012.33043.

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