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Scanning Electron Microscopy of Some Slowly Cooled Nickel-Based Hardfacing Alloys Containing Iron Additions

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DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.92012    4,701 Downloads   6,039 Views Citations
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ABSTRACT

The service lifespan of components used at higher temperatures in corrosive and abrasive environments can be prolonged by high-temperature corrosion-resistant coatings. This study is concerned with the microstructural characterization of some slowly cooled Nickel–based hardfacing alloys investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA), energy dispersive X – ray analysis (EDXA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The alloys were prepared in high frequency induction furnace under controlled atmosphere. Three major primary hard phases (Ni (α), M7C3, and the π phase) were identified during slow cooling in DTA depending on the nominal compositions of the alloys. Large undercoolings as well as intense solid state precipitations were observed in alloys with iron additions. The precipitations formed the basis of the high hardness values and strength of the alloys. It was also reported that the hardness values of the alloys increased as the iron contents increased.

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J. Ajao, "Scanning Electron Microscopy of Some Slowly Cooled Nickel-Based Hardfacing Alloys Containing Iron Additions," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 2, 2010, pp. 133-145. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.92012.

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