Advances in Health Longevity

The word "longevity" is sometimes used as a synonym for "life expectancy" in demography. However, the term longevity is sometimes meant to refer only to especially long-lived members of a population, whereas life expectancy is always defined statistically as the average number of years remaining at a given age. For example, a population's life expectancy at birth is the same as the average age at death for all people born in the same year (in the case of cohorts). Longevity is best thought of as a term for general audiences meaning 'typical length of life' and specific statistical definitions should be clarified when necessary.

In the present book, twelve typical literatures about health longevity published on international authoritative journals were selected to introduce the worldwide newest progress, which contains reviews or original researches on health longevity. We hope this book can demonstrate advances in health longevity as well as give references to the researchers, students and other related people.

Sample Chapter(s)
Preface (91 KB)
Components of the Book:
  • Chapter 1
    The age-related contribution of cognitive function to dualtask gait in middle-aged adults in Spain: observations from a population-based study
  • Chapter 2
    Nursing home crowding and its association with outbreakassociated respiratory infection in Ontario, Canada before the COVID-19 pandemic (2014–19): a retrospective cohort study
  • Chapter 3
    The prevalence, correlation, and co-occurrence of neuropathology in old age: harmonisation of 12 measures across six community-based autopsy studies of dementia
  • Chapter 4
    Association of type 2 diabetes according to the number of risk factors within the recommended range with incidence of major depression and clinically relevant depressive symptoms: a prospective analysis
  • Chapter 5
    Derivation and validation of the CFracture competing risk fracture prediction tool compared with QFracture in older people and people with comorbidity: a population cohort study
  • Chapter 6
    Cardiovascular mortality in women in their forties after hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the Netherlands: a national cohort study
  • Chapter 7
    Glucose profiles of older adults with type 1 diabetes using sensor-augmented pump therapy in Australia: pre-randomisation results from the ORACL study
  • Chapter 8
    Quality-of-life outcomes in older patients with early-stage rectal cancer receiving organ-preserving treatment with hypofractionated short-course radiotherapy followed by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TREC): non-randomised registry of patients unsuitable for total mesorectal excision
  • Chapter 9
    Science disconnected: the translational gap between basic science, clinical trials, and patient care in Alzheimer’s disease
  • Chapter 10
    Association between oral health markers and decline in muscle strength and physical performance in later life: longitudinal analyses of two prospective cohorts from the UK and the USA
  • Chapter 11
    The global, regional, and national burden of benign prostatic hyperplasia in 204 countries and territories from 2000 to 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019
  • Chapter 12
    Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Readership: Students, academics, teachers, and other people attending or interested in longevity.
Natalia A Gouskova
Division of Gerontology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Emma Nichols
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

Abraham A Kroon
Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, Netherlands

Daniel R Morales
Division of Population Health and Genomics, University of Dundee, Dundee DD2 4BF, UK

and more...
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