Share This Article:

Interactive Effect of Temperature and Water Stress Induced by Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) on Germination and Recovery of Two Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102005    751 Downloads   1,130 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Effects of different temperatures (10℃, 15, 20, 25 and 35) and various water potentials (0, ﹣0.25, ﹣0.5, ﹣0.75, ﹣1.0, ﹣1.25, ﹣1.5 MPa) on seed germination and early seedling development of two contrasting chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars were studied. Different temperatures were applied in an incubator by adjusting the device according to the specific treatments. Water potential treatments were done by using different concentrations of polyethylene glycol (PEG), 8000 (molecular weight). The results showed significant differences between the two cultivars in all characters studied. The cultivar Arman exhibited the higher germination percentage and rate than the cultivar Pirooz. Water stress caused significant reductions in germination parameters at unfavorable temperatures (10℃, 30℃, and 35℃). Seeds of both cultivars, which are subjected to high osmotic potentials, had high recovery percentages at the optimum temperature (25℃). In conclusion, the cultivar Arman seems to be more tolerant to water stress at suboptimal and super optimal temperatures compared with Pirooz.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Naim, A. and Ahmed, F. (2015) Interactive Effect of Temperature and Water Stress Induced by Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) on Germination and Recovery of Two Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1102005.

References

[1] Al-Mutawa, M.M. (2003) Effect of Salinity on Germination and Seedling Growth of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5, 226-229.
[2] FAO (2009) Production Year Book. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), Rome.
[3] Farshadfar, M. and Farshadfar, E. (2008) Genetic Variability and Path Analysis of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Landraces and Lines. Journal of Applied Science, 8, 3951-3956.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2008.3951.3956
[4] Singh, K.B. (1997) Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Field Crop Research, 53, 161-170.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(97)00029-4
[5] Katerji, N., van Hoon, J.W., Handy. A., Mastrorilli, M., Oweis, T. and Malhotra, R.S. (2001) Response to Soil Salinity of Two Chickpea Varieties Differing in Drought Tolerance. Agriculture and Water Management, 50, 83-96.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(01)00107-X
[6] Bewley, J.D. and Black, M. (1994) Seeds. Physiology of Development and Germination. 2nd Edition, Plenum Press, New York, p. 445.
[7] Mayer, A.M. and Poljakoff-Mayber, A. (1989) The Germination of Seeds. 4th Edition, Pergamon Press plc, Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 OBW, England, 52-56.
[8] Alvarado, V. and Bradford, K.J. (2002) A Hydrothermal Time Model Explains the Cardinal Temperatures for Seed Germination. Plant cell Environment, 25, 1061-1069.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2002.00894.x
[9] Macar, T.K., Turan, O. and Ekmekçi, Y. (2009) Effects of Water Deficit Induced by PEG and Nacl on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars and Lines at Early Seedling Stages. Gaussian Journal of Science, 22, 5-14.
[10] Khamssi, N.N., Golezani, K.G., Salmasi, S.Z. and Najaphy, A. (2010) Effects of Water Deficit Stress on Field Performance of Chickpea Cultivars. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5, 1973-1977.
[11] Teixeira, J. and Perira, S. (2007) High Salinity and Drought Act on an Organ-Dependent Manner on Potato Glutamine Synthetase Expression and Accumulation. Environment and Experimental Botany, 60, 121-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2006.09.003
[12] Fyfield, T.P. and Gregory, P.J. (1989) Effect of Temperature and Water Potential on Germination, Radicle Elongation and Emergence of Mungbean. Journal of Experimental Botany, 40, 667-674.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/40.6.667
[13] van der Weele, C.M., Spollen, W.G., Sharp, R.E. and Baskin, T.I. (2000) Growth of Arabidopsis Thaliana Seedlings under Water Deficit Studied by Control of Water Potential in Nutrient-Agar Media Journal of Experimental Botany, 51, 1555-1562.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.350.1555
[14] Van den Berg, L. and Zeng, Y.J. (2006) Response of South African Indigenous Grass Species to Drought Stress Induced by Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) 6000. South African Journal of Botany, 72, 284-286.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2005.07.006
[15] Covell, S., Ellis, R.H., Roberts, E.H. and Summerfield, R.J. (1986) The Influence of Temperature on Seed Germination Rate in Grain Legumes. I. A Comparison of Chickpea, Lentil, Soybean and Cowpea at Constant Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 37, 705-711.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/37.5.705
[16] Ellis, R.H., Covell, S., Roberts, E.H. and Summerfield, R.J. (1986) The Influence of Temperature on Seed Germination Rate in Grain Legumes. II. Intraspecific Variation in Chickpea at Constant Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 37, 1503-1515.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/37.10.1503
[17] Dahal, P. and Bradford, K.J. (1990) Effects of Priming and Endosperm Integrity on Seed Germination of Tomato Genotypes. II. Germination at Reduced Water Potential. Journal of Experimental Botany, 41, 1441-1453.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/41.11.1441
[18] Welbaum, G.E., Tissaoui, T. and Bradford, K.J. (1990) Water Relations of Seed Development and Germination in Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Plant Physiology, 92, 1029-1037.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.92.4.1029
[19] Baskin, C.C. and Baskin, J.M. (2001) Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. Academic Press, San Diego, p. 666.
[20] Brar, G.S., Gomez, J.F., McMichael, B.L., Matches, A.G. and Taylor, H.M. (1991) Germination of Twenty Forage Legumes as Influenced by Temperature. Agronomy Journal, 83, 173-178.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1991.00021962008300010040x
[21] Khan, M.A. and Ungar, I.A. (1997) Alleviation of Seed Dormancy in the Desert Forb (Zygophylhum simplex L). Pakistan Annals of Botany, 80, 395-400.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1997.0449
[22] Okçu, G., Kaya, M.D. and Atak, M. (2004) Effects of Salt and Drought Stress on Germination and Seedling Growth of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture, 29, 231-242.
[23] Ellis, R.H., Covell, S., Roberts, E.H., Summerfield, R.J. (1986) The Influence of Temperature on Seed Germination Rate in Grain Legumes. II. Intraspecific Variation in Chickpea at Constant Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 37, 1503-1515.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/37.10.1503

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.