Share This Article:

Variation in Thermal time model Parameters Between Two Contrasting Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cultivars

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:364KB) PP. 1421-1427
DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.612138    4,673 Downloads   5,388 Views  

ABSTRACT

A laboratory experiment was carried out to determine the effect of different constant temperatures on germination and early seedling establishment and to study the variation among parameters of thermal time model parameters for two contrasting chickpea cultivars . Seeds were subjected to six constant temperatures from 10 o C to 35 o C . A complete randomized design was used with four replication. Analysis of variance showed significant differences among treatments for all characters studied. The final germination percentage significantly increased with increasing temperature up to 25 ° C, and thereafter there was a sharp decrease in final germination at 30 ° and 35 ° C. Desi type cultivar (small seeded) “Jabel Marra” significantly exhibited higher final germination percentage and lower germination rate compared with the kabui type cultivar “Shendi” at all temperatures. The median (θ T(50) ) of the thermal time was significantly differ between the two chickpea cultivars. The large seeded cultivars (shendi) recorded significantly higher median thermal time than the small seeded cultivars (Jabel Marra). The results also revealed a significant differences between the two cultivars in all thermal time model parameters. The small seeded cultivar (Jabel Marra) scored lower total dry matter and temperature tolerance index (TTI) compared to the large seeded cultivar (Shendi) at all temperatures studied.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Naim, A. and Gasim Ahmed, F. (2015) Variation in Thermal time model Parameters Between Two Contrasting Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cultivars. Agricultural Sciences, 6, 1421-1427. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.612138.

References

[1] Naim, A.H. and Ahmed, F.E. (2015) Interactive Effect of Temperature and Water Stress Induced by Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) on Germination and Recovery of Two Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars. Open Access Library Journal, 2, e2005.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1102005
[2] FAO (2010) Food and Agricultural Organization Statistical Database. Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome. www.faostat.org
[3] Kassie, M., Shiferaw, B., Asfaw, S., Abate, T., Muricho, G., Ferede, S., Eshete, M. and Assefa, K. (2009) Current Situation and Future Outlooks of the Chickpea Sub-Sector in Ethiopia. EIAR (Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research) and ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid), India.
[4] Mohamed, A.A., Tahir, I.S.A. and Elhashimi, A.M.A. (2015) Assessment of Genetic Variability and Yield Stability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars in River Nile State, Sudan. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Sciences, 7, 219-225.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/JPBCS2015.0523
[5] Ahmed, A.T. (1996) Food Legumes Production situation. In: Salih, S.H., Ageeb, O.A., Saxena, M.C. and Solh, M.B., Eds., Production and Improvement of Cool-Season Food Legumes in the Sudan, Proceedings of the National Research Review Workshop, 27-30 August 1995, Wad Medani; ICARDA/Agricultural Research Corporation, Aleppo, 7-14.
[6] Berger, J.D. and Turner, N.C. (2007) The Ecology of Chickpea. In: Yadav, S.S., Redden, R.J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B., Eds., Chickpea Breeding and Management, CABI, Wallingford, UK, 657.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9781845932138.003
[7] Singh, K.B., Malhotra, R.S., Halila, M.H., Knights, E.J. and Verma, M.M. (1993) Current Status and Future Strategy in Breeding Chickpea for Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses. Euphytica, 73, 137-149.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00027190
[8] Gaur, P.M., Krishnamurthy, L. and Kashiwagi, J. (2008) Improving Drought-Avoidance Root Traits in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)-Current Status of Research at ICRISAT. Plant Production Science, 11, 3-11.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1626/pps.11.3
http://oar.icrisat.org/753/1/improve-lkrish.pdf
[9] Basu, P.S., Ali, M. and Chaturvedi, S.K. (2008) Terminal Heat Stress Adversely Affects Chickpea Productivity in Northern India—Strategies to Improve Thermo Tolerance in the Crop under Climate Change.
http://www.isprs.org/proceedings/Xxxviii/8-W3/B3/B3-1-29.pdf
[10] Evans, C. and Etherington, J.R. (1990) The Effect of Soil Water Potential on Seed Germination of Some British Plants. New Phytologist, 115, 539-548.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1990.tb00482.x
[11] Covell, S., Ellis, R.H., Roberts, E.H. and Summerfield, R.J. (1986) The Influence of Temperature on Seed Germination Rate in Grain Legumes. I. A Comparison of Chickpea, Lentil, Soybean and Cowpea at Constant Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 37, 705-715.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/37.5.705
[12] Ellis, R.H., Covell, S., Roberts, E.H. and Summerfield, R.J. (1986) The Influence of Temperature on Seed Germination Rate in Grain Legumes. II. Interspecific Variation in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) at Constant Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 37, 1503-1515.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/37.10.1503
[13] Garcia-Huidobro, J., Monteith, J.L. and Squire, G.R. (1982) Time, Temperature and Germination of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum typhoides S. & H.): II. Alternating Temperature. Journal of Experimental Botany, 33, 297-302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/33.2.297
[14] Olivier, F.C. and Annandale, J.G. (1998) Thermal Time Requirements for the Development of Green Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Field Crops Research, 56, 301-307.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(97)00097-X
[15] Finch-Savage, W.E. (2004) The Use of Population-Based Threshold Models to Describe and Predict the Effects of Seedbed Environment on Germination and Seedling Emergence of Crops. In: Benech-Arnold, R.L., Sánchez, R.A., Eds., Handbook of Seed Physiology: Applications to Agriculture, Haworth Press, New York, 51-96.
[16] Angus, J.F., Cunningham, R.B., Moncure, M.W. and Mackenzie, D.H. (1981) Phasic Development in Field Crops. I. Thermal Response in the Seedling Phase. Field Crops Research, 3, 365-378.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(80)90042-8
[17] Vaughton, G. and Ramsey, M. (2001) Relationships between Seed Mass, Seed Nutrients, and Seedling Growth in Banksia cunninghamii (Proteaceae). International Journal of Plant Science, 162, 599-606.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/320133
[18] Wang, R., Bai, Y. and Tanino, K. (2004) Effect of Seed Size and Sub-Zero Imbibitions Temperature on the Thermal Time Model of Winterfrat (Eurotia lanata (Pursh) Moq.). Environmental and Experimental Botany, 51, 183-197.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2003.10.001
[19] Mozafar, A. and Goodwin, J.R. (1986) Salt Tolerance of Two Differently Drought-Tolerant Wheat Genotypes during Germination and Early Seedling Growth. Plant and Soil, 96, 303-361.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02375135
[20] Hubert, J.J. and Shock, J.P. (1984) Probit: An Interactive Program in BASIC for Probit Analysis. Statistical Series No. 1984-160, University of Guelph, Guelph.
[21] Finney, D.J. (1971) Probit Analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 333 p.
[22] Bradford, K.J. (1995) Water Relations in Seed Germination. In: Kigel, J. and Galili, G, Eds., Seed Development and Germination, Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York, 351-396.
[23] Ellis, R.H, Simon, G. and Covell, S. (1987) The Influence of Temperature on Seed Germination Rate in Grain Legumes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 38, 1033-1043.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/38.6.1033
[24] Steinmaus, S.J., Prather, T.S. and Holt, J.S. (2000) Estimation of Base Temperatures for Nine Weed Species. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51, 275-286.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.343.275
[25] Probert, R.J. (2000) The Role of Temperature in the Regulation of Seed Dormancy and Germination. In: Fenner, M., Ed., Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities, 2nd Edition, CAB International, Wallingford, 261-292.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9780851994321.0261
[26] Labouriau, L.G. and Osborn, J.H. (1984) Temperature Dependence of the Germination of Tomato Seeds. Journal of Thermal Biology, 9, 285-294.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0306-4565(84)90010-X
[27] Alvarado, V. and Bradford, K.J. (2002) A Hydrothermal Time Model Explains the Cardinal Temperatures for Seed Germination. Plant, Cell and Environment, 25, 1061-1069.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2002.00894.x
[28] Cheng, Z. and Bradford, K.J. (1999) Hydrothermal Time Analysis of Tomato Seed Germination Responses to Priming Treatments. Journal of Experimental Botany, 50, 89-99.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/50.330.89
[29] Ellis, R.H. and Barrett, S. (1994) Alternating Temperatures and Rate of Seed Germination in Lentil. Annals of Botany, 74, 519-524.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1994.1149
[30] Meyer, S.E., Debaene-Gill, S.B. and Allen, P.S. (2000) Using Hydrothermal Time Concepts to Model Seed Germination Response to Temperature, Dormancy Loss and Priming Effects in Elymus elymoides. Seed Science Research, 10, 213-223.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0960258500000246

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.