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Influence of Nano-Barium Sulfate Agglomeration on Microstructure and Properties of the Hardened Cement-Based Materials

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DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.311009    2,284 Downloads   2,780 Views   Citations


The aim of the present work is to study the effect of Nano-barium sulfate additions on the physic-mechanical properties of hardened cement pastes. Nano-barium sulfate was prepared by the precipitation method. Eight mixes of filled cement pastes containing 0.5 wt%, 1.0 wt%, 1.5 wt% and 2.0 wt% of both nano-barium sulfate and micro-limestone were prepared and compared to the base OPC. The hydration characteristics were evaluated by the measure of combined water content, bulk density, total porosity and compressive strength for samples hydrated up to 90 days. The progress of hydration reactions was followed up by XRD analysis. The morphology and microstructure were studied by SEM. Nano-size barium sulfate acted as a nucleating agent and enhanced the hydration of cement pastes up to 2.0% mass content. Also, the microstructure was improved considerably. Accordingly, nano-size barium sulfate can be used successfully in the preparation of filled cement.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Saraya, M. and Bakr, I. (2015) Influence of Nano-Barium Sulfate Agglomeration on Microstructure and Properties of the Hardened Cement-Based Materials. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 72-81. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.311009.


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