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Detection of Pancytopenia Associated with Clinical Manifestation and Their Final Diagnosis

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DOI: 10.4236/ojbd.2015.53004    4,245 Downloads   5,211 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Pancytopenia is a common hematological parameter detected in Hematology department. It is important to find out the etiology of pancytopenia for the better management of patient. Pancytopenia represents a wide range of age groups and most pancytopenia is purely of bone marrow dysfunction origin. However, other causes such as hypersplenism and SLE are also frequently encountered. Objectives: To differentiate various causes of pancytopenia, to evaluate the hematological parameters in pancytopenic cases, and to analyze clinical manifestations in cases of pancytopenia. Materials and Methods: There were 25 admitted cases of pancytopenia at Affiliated Hospital of Dali University between the calendar year 2013 and 2014. A detail study was done on the basis of age, gender, clinical features, typical laboratory investigations, bone marrow examination, and final diagnosis. Results and Conclusions: Among 25 cases studied, megaloblastic anemia was the common cause of pancytopenia and incidence of megaloblastic anemia was higher in males after 5th decade of life. Pancytopenic cases age was ranging from 15 to 80 years. Fatigue and dizziness were the most common clinical features presented.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Azaad, M. , Li, Y. , Zhang, Q. and Wang, H. (2015) Detection of Pancytopenia Associated with Clinical Manifestation and Their Final Diagnosis. Open Journal of Blood Diseases, 5, 17-30. doi: 10.4236/ojbd.2015.53004.

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