Share This Article:

Psychological Preparation of Children for Medical Procedures: An Awareness Survey Targeting Nurses in Japan

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:287KB) PP. 613-621
DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.57065    2,936 Downloads   3,353 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Preparation is a means to support the psychological readiness and autonomy of children undergoing medical treatment. In this study, to understand the current practice and application of psychological preparation, using “explaining medical information to a child” as an indicator of respect for children’s rights, we investigated the effect of psychological preparation since 2002. The present study aimed to clarify the current status and awareness of psychological preparation for children undergoing medical procedures in pediatric nursing in Japan. An original questionnaire regarding psychological preparation for children in hospitals was sent by mail to nurses who were working in Japanese pediatric wards in 2010. Based on results from a previous study, nurses’ awareness of psychological preparation for children undergoing medical procedures seems to have improved. However, it was evident that nursing staff working in mixed wards require more specialized knowledge regarding child care, especially in terms of preparation. Furthermore, Japanese nurses recognized a need for improvement concerning their duties. It was also clear that the meaning of preparation remains ambiguous for many nurses. These results suggest that preparation has both psychological and ethical meanings.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Matsumori, N. , Ito, R. , Kawano, A. and Hyakuta, Y. (2015) Psychological Preparation of Children for Medical Procedures: An Awareness Survey Targeting Nurses in Japan. Open Journal of Nursing, 5, 613-621. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2015.57065.

References

[1] Matsumori, N., et al. (2006) A Study of Practice and Expansion of Preparation for Children Undergoing Surgery—Using a Kiwanis Doll and Wooden Model of the Medical Procedure. Humanity and Science Journal of Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 6, 71-82.
[2] Matsumori, N. (2009) Child Health Nursing Issues Regarding Psychological Preparation Practices for Children Undergoing Medical Procedures in Japan. The 1st International Nursing Research Conference of World Academy of Nursing Science, Program & Abstracts, 19 September 2009, 112.
[3] Matsumori, N. (2014) Psychological Preparation of Children for Surgery: Awareness Survey Targeting Medical Professionals. Open Journal of Nursing, 4, 564-575.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojn.2014.47059
[4] Matsumori, N. and Isfort, M. (2013) Psychological Preparation Practices for Children Undergoing Medical Procedures in Japan and Germany. Open Journal of Nursing, 3, 281-286.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojn.2013.32038
[5] William Li, H.C., Lopez, V. and Lee, T.L.I. (2007) Psychoeducational Preparation of Children for Surgery: The Importance of Parental Involvement. Patient Education and Counseling, 65, 34-41.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2006.04.009
[6] Perry, J.N., Hooper, V.D. and Masiongale, J. (2012) Reduction of Preoperative Anxiety in Pediatric Surgery Patients Using Age-Appropriate Teaching Interventions. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 27, 69-81.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2012.01.003
[7] Ziegler, D.B. (1994) Preparation for Surgery and Adjustment to Hospitalization. Nursing clinics of North America, 29, 655-669.
[8] Paladichuk, A. and Hazinski, M.F. (1998) Children in the Adult ICU: Preparation and Practice. Critical Care Nurse, 18, 82-87.
[9] American Academy of Pediatrics (1995) Informed Consent, Parental Permission, and Assent in Pediatric Practice. Committee on Bioethics, American Academy of Pediatrics, Pediatrics, 95, 314-317.
[10] Ritchie, J.A. (1979) Preparation of Toddlers and Preschool Children for Hospital Procedures. Canadian Nurses’ Association, 75, 30-32.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.