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Entropy and Irreversibility in Classical and Quantum Mechanics

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.26061    4,343 Downloads   9,550 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Review of the irreversibility problem in modern physics with new researches is given. Some characteristics of the Markov chains are specified and the important property of monotonicity of a probability is formulated. Using one thin inequality, the behavior of relative entropy in the classical case is considered. Further we pass to studying of the irreversibility phenomena in quantum problems. By new method is received the Lindblad’s equation and its physical essence is explained. Deep analogy between the classical Markov processes and development described by the Lindblad’s equation is conducted. Using method of comparison of the Lind-blad’s equation with the linear Langevin equation we receive a system of differential equations, which are more general, than the Caldeira-Leggett equation. Here we consider quantum systems without inverse influ-ence on a surrounding background with high temperature. Quantum diffusion of a single particle is consid-ered and possible ways of the permission of the Schrödinger’s cat paradox and the role of an external world for the phenomena with quantum irreversibility are discussed. In spite of previous opinion we conclude that in the equilibrium environment is not necessary to postulate the processes with collapses of wave functions. Besides, we draw attention to the fact that the Heisenberg’s uncertainty relation does not always mean the restriction is usually the product of the average values of commuting variables. At last, some prospects in the problem of quantum irreversibility are discussed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

V. Antonov and B. Kondratyev, "Entropy and Irreversibility in Classical and Quantum Mechanics," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 2 No. 6, 2011, pp. 519-532. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2011.26061.

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