Share This Article:

Measurement of the Effective Dose Radiation at Radiology Departments of Some Hospitals in Duhok Governorate

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:288KB) PP. 566-572
DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.65061    3,574 Downloads   4,146 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

During operating of the X-ray machines, if the protection of X-ray rooms is insufficient, not only the patient but also clinical staffs as well as public are exposed to high X-ray dosage and they are affected from X-ray related to the dose level. In the present survey, by testing the radiological leakage and scatter from X-rays machines in radiology departments of 7 randomly selected hospitals in Duhok governorate, the effects dose of X-ray to the both control panel area and the patients waiting or visiting area who are located near the radiography room, were measured. The dose was recorded for a range of peak kilovoltage (kVp) and mAs values to find efficiency of shielding materials (barriers) of radiography rooms for different X-rays level. The measurements were performed at one meter above the ground surface which was the same height of X-rays tube by using Gamma Scout dosimeter. From the measurement results, it was seen that the most hospitals barriers (doors and walls) were not appropriate to the standards except 2 hospitals. The maximum effective doses were measured in uncontrolled area of Khazer hospital which was 82.48 ± 0.73 mSv·yr-1 that was much more than the reference dose limits and in controlled area of Haval Banda Zaroka hospital which was 12.98 ± 0.16 mSv·yr-1. In result, the knowledge about the radiation dose affecting the radiologists and public in the selected hospitals was obtained, and by informing the radiologists and the hospitals managements, the necessary regulations would be planned.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bari, D. , Amin, P. and Abdulkareem, N. (2015) Measurement of the Effective Dose Radiation at Radiology Departments of Some Hospitals in Duhok Governorate. Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 566-572. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.65061.

References

[1] Damilakis, J., Adams, J.E., Guglielmi, G. and Link, T.M. (2010) European Radiology, 20, 2707-2714.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-010-1845-0
[2] Wahlstroem, B. (1997) Radiation, Health and Society. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Finland.
[3] ICRP (1991) Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60, Ann. ICRP 21 (1-3), Ottawa.
[4] ICRP (1993) Protection against Radon-222 at Home and at Work. ICRP Publication 65, Ann. ICRP 23 (2), Ottawa.
[5] ICRP (2004) Managing Patient Dose in Digital Radiology. ICRP Publication 93, Ann. ICRP 34 (1), Ottawa.
[6] IAEA (1997) Annual Report for 1997. IAEA Publications, New York.
[7] Simpkin, D.J. and Dixon, R.L. (1998) Health Physics, 74, 350-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004032-199803000-00008
[8] National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (2004) Structural Shielding Design for Medical X-Ray Imaging Facilities. NCRP Publications, Bethesda.
[9] Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland (2009) The Design of Diagnostic Medical Facilities Where Ionizing Radiation Is Used. Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland, Dublin.
[10] Marshall, N.W. and Faulkner, K. (1992) The British Journal of Radiology, 65, 44-49.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/0007-1285-65-769-44
[11] Alonso, J.A., Shaw, D.L., Maxwell, A., McGill, G.P. and Hart, G.C. (2001) The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 83-B, 815-818.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.83B6.11065
[12] Giri, K., Giri, D. and Murthy, V.K. (2007) Kathmandu University, Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 3, 31-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kuset.v3i2.2895
[13] Naji, A.T. and Jaafar, M.S. (2013) Advances Aterials Physics and Chemistry, 3, 191-193.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ampc.2013.33027

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.