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The Nature of Dark Matter and of Dark Energy

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.63028    3,778 Downloads   4,972 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

The aim of the present work is showing that the observed non-Keplerian rotation of the galaxies is predicted by the space dynamic gravitational mechanism without dark matter and that the current explanation of the galactic gravitational dynamics in terms of dark matter is hypothetical. Visibly, the need of dark matter is an emergency created by a mistaken view about the nature of space and gravitation. Furthermore, in the view of the present work, the accelerated expansion of the universe is expansion of the Higgs quantum space itself, driven by minimization of its total energy. Spontaneous breaking of the U(1) gauge symmetry and Bose-Einstein condensation of the Higgs bosons creates a potential energy well in the form of the Mexican sombrero. If the density φ*φ of the condensate is larger than the equilibrium density, then the Higgs quantum space can minimize its energy by volumetric expansion. The idea that the accelerated expansion of the universe is driven by a positive potential energy, dubbed dark energy, needs to be unveiled.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Schaf, J. (2015) The Nature of Dark Matter and of Dark Energy. Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 224-238. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.63028.

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