Share This Article:

A Pragmatic Study of Strategic Maneuvering in Selected Political Interviews

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1243KB) PP. 79-99
DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2015.51008    4,372 Downloads   5,521 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study deals with strategic maneuvering in selected political interviews from the pragmatic point of view represented by two interviews with: Cheney and Obama. The study attempts to investigate strategic maneuvering strategies and stages. To achieve such aims, a model is developed for the analysis of strategic maneuvering in the selected political interviews. The findings of the analysis verify the hypotheses represented by the process of strategic maneuvering stages and strategies in the two selected political interviews. Precisely, this study attempts to shed light on the most problematic areas in political maneuvering. These fuzzy areas must be delineated and made clear because they impinge upon understanding how political speeches appeal themselves to the readers and how in turn these readers could find out the impetus behind these maneuvering.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Al-Duleimi, A. and Hammoodi, W. (2015) A Pragmatic Study of Strategic Maneuvering in Selected Political Interviews. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics, 5, 79-99. doi: 10.4236/ojml.2015.51008.

References

[1] Abu Krooze, H. (2012). The Pragmatics of Gossip in Some of Jane Austin’s Novels. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Babylon: University of Babylon.
[2] Albajuez, L. (1994). Irony and the Maxims of Grice’s Cooperative Principle.
[3] Austin, J. (1962). How to Do Things with Words. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[4] Beekman, J., & Callow, J. (1974). Translating the Word of God. Cited in Larson.
[5] Bermejo-Luque, L. (2011). Giving Reasons: A Linguistic-Pragmatic Approach to Argumentation Theory. Madrid: Springer.
[6] Booth, W. (2004). The Rhetoric of Rhetoric. London: Blackwell.
[7] Brown, P., & Levinson, S. (1978). Universals in Language Usage: Politeness Phenomena. In E. Goody (Ed.), Questions and Politeness: Strategies in Social Interaction (pp. 56-310). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[8] Bull, P. (1994). On Identifying Questions, Replies and Non-Replies in Political Interviews. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 13, 115-131.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0261927X94132002
[9] Carver, T., & Pikalo, J. (2008). Political Language and Metaphor. London: Routledge.
[10] Clayman, S., & J. Heritage (2002) The News Interview: Journalists and Public Figures on the Air. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613623
[11] Cook, G. (1989) Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[12] Coulthard, M. (1977). An Introduction to Discourse Analysis. London: Longman Group Limited.
[13] Cruse, A. (2006). A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
[14] Drucker, P. (1974). Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices. New York: Harper and Row.
[15] Fahnestock, J. (1999). Rhetorical Figures in Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[16] Fetzer, A. (2007). Context and Appropriateness. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/pbns.162
[17] Fetzer, A., & Lauerbach, G. E. (2007). Political Discourse in the Media. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/pbns.160
[18] Fetzer, A., & Weizman, E. (2006) Political Discourse as Mediated and Public Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 143-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2005.06.014
[19] Goffman, E. (1976). On Face-Work: An Analysis of Ritual Elements in Social Interaction. In J. E. Combs, & M. W. Mansfield (Eds.), Drama in Life: The Uses of Communication in Society (pp. 114-136). New York: Hastings House Publishers, Inc.
[20] Grice, P. (1989). Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University of Press.
[21] Harris, R. (2008). A Handbook of Rhetorical Devices (3rd ed.). Glendale: Pyrczak.
[22] Jacobs, S. (2002). Language and Interpersonal Communication. In M. Knapp, & J. Daly (Eds.), Handbook of Interpersonal Communication (3rd ed., pp. 213-240). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
[23] Johnson, R. (2000). Manifest Rationality: A Pragmatic Theory. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
[24] Jucker, A. H. (1986). News Interviews: A Pragmalinguistic Analysis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/pb.vii.4
[25] Kauffeld, F. J. (2002). Pivotal Issues and Norms in Rhetorical Theories of Argumentation. In F. H. van Eemeren, & P. Houtlosser (Eds.), Dialectic and Rhetoric: The Warp and Woof of Argumentation Analysis (pp. 97-118). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9948-1_8
[26] Kennedy, G. (2007). On Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse. Oxford: OUP.
[27] Krabbe, E. C. W. (2002). Profiles of Dialogue as a Dialectical Tool. In F. H. van Eemeren (Ed.), Advances in Pragma-Dialectics (pp. 153-167). Amsterdam: Sic Sat.
[28] Larson, M. (1984). Meaning-Based Translation. London: Bradford Publishing House.
[29] Lauerbach, G. (2007). Argumentation in Political Talk Show Interviews. Journal of Pragmatics, 39, 1388-1419.
[30] Leech, G. (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman Group Ltd.
[31] Leeman, A. D. (1992). Rhetoric versus Argumentation Theory. In F. H. van Eemeren, R. Grootendorst, J. A. Blair, & C. A. Willard (Eds.), Argumentation Illuminated (pp. 12-22). Amsterdam: Sic Sat.
[32] Leff, M. (2002). The Relation between Dialectic and Rhetoric in a Classical and a Modern Perspective. In F. H. van Eemeren, & P. Houtlosser (Eds.), Dialectic and Rhetoric: The Warp and Woof of Argumentation Analysis (pp. 53-64). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
[33] Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[34] Malmkjar, K. (Ed.) (1991). The Linguistics Encyclopedia. London: Routledge.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203432860
[35] Matheson, C., Poesio, M., & Traum, D. (2000). Modelling Grounding and Discourse Obligations Using Update Rules. Proceedings of the 1st Conference on North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., 1-8.
[36] McGlone, M. (2007). What Is the Explanatory Value of a Conceptual Metaphor? Language & Communication, 27, 109-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2006.02.016
[37] McQuarrie, E., & Mick, D. (1996). Figures of Rhetoric in Advertising Language. Journal of Consumer Research, 22, 424-438.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/209459
[38] Mey, J. (2009). Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics (2nd ed.). Denmark: University of Southern Denmark.
[39] Misak, C. (2000). Truth, Politics, Morality. London: Routledge.
[40] Mohammed, D. (2009). The Honourable Gentleman Should Make Up His Mind. Strategic Manoeuvring with Accusations of Inconsistency in Prime Minister’s Question Time. Doctoral Dissertation, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam.
[41] Moore, D. (1959). Managerial Strategies. In W. L. Warner, & N. H. Martin (Eds.), Industrial Man: Businessmen and Business Organizations. New York: Harper and Row.
[42] Obeng, S. (1994) Verbal Indirection in Akan Informal Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 21, 37-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(94)90046-9
[43] Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G., & Svartvik, J. (1985). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman Group Limited.
[44] Renkema, J. (2009). Discourse, of Course: An Overview of Research in Discourse Studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/z.148
[45] Riker, W. H. (1986). The Art of Political Manipulation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
[46] Roy, A. (1981). The Function of Irony in Discourse. Cited in Larson.
[47] Rozina, G., & Karapetjana, I. (2009). The Use of Language in Political Rhetoric: Linguistic Manipulation.
http://sablon.sdu.edu.tr/dergi/sosbilder/dosyalar/19_9.pdf
[48] Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G. (1974). A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking For Conversation. Language, 50, 696-735.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/412243
[49] Schegloff, E. A. (1986). The Routine as Achievement. Human Studies, 9, 111-151.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00148124
[50] Schegloff, E. A., & Sacks, H. (1973). Opening Up Closings. Semiotica, 8, 289-327.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/semi.1973.8.4.289
[51] Searle, J. (1969). Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173438
[52] Searle, J., & Vanderveken, D. (1985). Foundations of Illocutionary Logic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[53] Sert, O. (2008). An Interactive Analysis of Hyperboles in a British TV Series: Implications for EFL Classes. Annual Review of Education, Communication and Language Sciences, 5, 1-28.
http://research.ncl.ac.uk/ARECLS/vol5_documents/Articles/sert_vol5.pdf
[54] Shelley, C. (2001). Aspects of Visual Argument: A Study of the March of Progress. Informal Logic, 2, 85-96.
[55] Sperber, D., & Wilson, D. (2008). A Deflationary Account of Metaphors. In R. W. Gibbs (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought (pp. 84-108). New York: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816802.007
[56] Tindale, C. W. (2004). Rhetorical Argumentation. Principles of Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[57] Toulmin, S. (2001). Return to Reason. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
[58] Van Eemeren, F. (2001). The State of the Art in Argumentation Theory. In F. van Eemeren (Ed.), Crucial Concepts in Argumentation Theory (pp. 11-26). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5117/9789053565230
[59] Van Eemeren, F. (2010). Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse. Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/aic.2
[60] Van Eemeren, F., & Grootendorst, R. (1984). Speech Acts in Argumentative Discussions: A Theoretical Model for the Analysis of Discussions Directed towards Solving Conflicts of Opinion. Berlin: De Gruyter.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110846089
[61] Van Eemeren, F., & Houtlosser, P. (2000). Rhetorical Analysis within a Pragma-Dialectical Framework. Argumentation, 14, 293-305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007857114100
[62] Van Eemeren, F., & Houtlosser, P. (2001). Managing Disagreement: Rhetorical Analysis within a Dialectical Framework. Argumentation and Advocacy, 37, 150-157.
[63] Van Eemeren, F., & Houtlosser, P. (2002). Strategic Maneuvering: Maintaining a Delicate Balance. In F. H. van Eemeren, & P. Houtlosser (Eds.), Dialectic and Rhetoric: The Warp and Woof of Argumentation Analysis (pp. 131-159). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9948-1_10
[64] Van Eemeren, F., & Houtlosser, P. (2003). The Development of the Pragma-Dialectical Approach to Argumentation. Argumentation, 17, 387-403.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026338402751
[65] Van Eemeren, F. (2005). Strategic Maneuvering. Studies in Communication Sciences. Argumentation (pp. 23-34). Kluwer Academic Publishers.
[66] Van Eemeren, F., & Houtlosser, P. (2009). Seizing the Occasion: Parameters for Analysing Ways of Strategic Manoeuvring. In F. H. van Eemeren, & B. Garssen (Eds.), Pondering on Problems of Argumentation. Twenty Essays on Theoretical Issues (pp. 3-14). Amsterdam: Springer.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9165-0_1
[67] Van Eemeren, F., Garssen, B. & Meuffels, B. (2012). Effectiveness through Reasonableness: Preliminary Steps to Pragma-Dialectical Effectiveness Research. Argumentation, 26, 33-53.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10503-011-9234-7
[68] Walton, D., & Krabbe, E. (1995). Commitment in Dialogue. Basic Concepts of Interpersonal Reasoning. Albany: State University of New York Press.
[69] Wilson, J. (1990). Politically Speaking: The Pragmatic Analysis of Political Language. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
[70] Wodak, R. (2007). Pragmatic and Critical Discourse Analysis: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry. Pragmatics and Cognition, 15, 203-225.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/pc.15.1.13wod
[71] Yoell, S. (2003). The Politeness of Political Interviews.
[72] Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[73] Yule, G. (2000) Pragmatics (5th Impression). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.