Share This Article:

Another Look at Job and Life Satisfaction among Employees: Evidence from a Developing Country

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:2569KB) PP. 11-19
DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.51002    3,994 Downloads   5,363 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Organizational literature has demonstrated remarkable attention to the relationship between job and life satisfaction. Approaching the relationship between job and life satisfaction from an attitu-dinal perspective, the present study was conducted to examine the relationship between job and life satisfaction in Southern Saudi Arabia. It also aimed to investigate the contribution of demo-graphic and socioeconomic variables in predicting job and life satisfaction. The results of Pearson correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis revealed a statistically significant rela-tionship between job and life satisfaction, even after controlling for demographic and socioeconomic variables. The results also suggested that job satisfaction and life satisfaction were positively and reciprocally related. Having controlled for demographic and socioeconomic variables, the age variable was uniquely predicted job satisfaction. Additionally, Tukey’s post-hoc test showed that participants whose age ranged from 40 to 50 were more satisfied with their jobs (M = 3.73; SD = 0.35) than those from 18 to 28 and from 29 to 39. That is, older employees were more satisfied with their jobs than younger employees.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Alghamdi, F. (2015) Another Look at Job and Life Satisfaction among Employees: Evidence from a Developing Country. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5, 11-19. doi: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.51002.

References

[1] Eskildsen, J. and Dahlgaard, J. (2000) A Causal Model of Employee Satisfaction. Total Quality Management, 11, 1081- 1094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/095441200440340
[2] Ghiselli, R., La Lopa, J. and Bai, B. (2001) Job Satisfaction, Life Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent among Food-Service Managers. The Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 42, 28-37.
[3] Mafini, C. (2014) The Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction: Empirical Evidence from Logistics Practitioners in a South African Steel-Making Company. International Business & Economics Research Journal, 13, 453-462.
[4] Heller, D., Judge, T. and Watson, D. (2002) The Confounding Role of Personality and Trait Affectivity in the Relationship between Job and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 815-835. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.168
[5] Filiz, Z. (2014) An Analysis of the Levels of Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction of the Academic Staff. Social Indicators Research, 116, 793-808. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-013-0319-6
[6] Judge T. and Klinger, R. (2008) Job Satisfaction: Subjective Well-Being at Work. In: Eid, M. and Larsen, R., Eds., The Science of Subjective Well-Being, Guilford Publications, New York, 393-413.
[7] Locke, E. (1978) The Motivation to Work: What We Know. Advances in Motivation and Achievement, 10, 375-412.
[8] Diener, E., Emmons, R., Larsen, R. and Griffin, S. (1985) The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
[9] Shin D., and Johnson, D. (1978) Avowed Happiness as an Overall Assessment of the Quality of Life. Social Indicators Research, 5, 475-492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00352944
[10] Diener, E. (1984) Subjective Well-Being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542-575.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.95.3.542
[11] Tatarkiewicz, W. (1976) Analysis of Happiness. Nijhoff, Den Haag.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-1380-2
[12] Brayfield, A., Wells, R. and Strate, M. (1957) Interrelationships among Measures of Job Satisfaction and General Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 41, 201-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0048095
[13] Judge, T. and Bono, J. (2001) Relationship of Core Self-Evaluations Traits—Self-Esteem, Generalized Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, and Emotional Stability—With Job Satisfaction and Job Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 80-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.1.80
[14] Tait, M., Padgett, M. and Baldwin, T. (1989) Job and Life Satisfaction: A Reevaluation of the Strength of the Relationship and Gender Effects as a Function of the Date of the Study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 502-507. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.74.3.502
[15] Wilensky, H. (1960) Work, Careers and Social Integration. International Social Science Journal, 12, 543-560.
[16] Judge, T. and Watanabe, S. (1994) Individual Differences in the Nature of the Relationship between Job and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 67, 101-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1994.tb00554.x
[17] Brief, A., Butcher, A., George, J. and Link, K. (1993) Integrating Bottom-Up and Top-Down Theories of Subjective Well-Being: The Case of Health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 646-653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.64.4.646
[18] Ilies, R., Wilson, K. and Wagner, D. (2009) The Spillover of Daily Job Satisfaction onto Employees’ Family Lives: The Facilitating Role of Work-Family Integration. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 87-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMJ.2009.36461938
[19] Judge, T. and Watanabe, S. (1993) Another Look at the Job Satisfaction-Life Satisfaction Relationship. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 939-948. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.78.6.939
[20] Georgellis, Y. and Lange, T. (2012) Traditional versus Secular Values and the Job-Life Satisfaction Relationship across Europe. British Journal of Management, 23, 437-454.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8551.2011.00753.x
[21] Beutell, N. and Schneer, J. (2014) Job and Life Attitudes of Managers and Professionals. Journal of Psychological Issues in Organizational Culture, 4, 18-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpoc.21123
[22] Dolan, S.L. and Gosselin, E. (1998) Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction: Analysis of a Reciprocal Model with Social Demographic Moderators. Working Paper, Ecole de relations industrielles, Universite de Montreal, Montreal.
[23] Loewe, N., Bagherzadeh, M., Araya-Castillo, L., Thieme, C. and Batista-Foguet, J. (2014) Life Domain Satisfactions as Predictors of Overall Life Satisfaction among Workers: Evidence from Chile. Social Indicators Research, 118, 71- 86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-013-0408-6
[24] Pavot, W. and Diener, E. (1993) Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.5.2.164
[25] Pavot, W. and Diener, E. (2008) The Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Emerging Construct of Life Satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3, 137-152.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17439760701756946
[26] Diener, E. (1994) Assessing Subjective Well-Being: Progress and Opportunities. Social Indicators Research, 31, 103- 157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01207052
[27] Gadermann, A., Guhn, M. and Zumbo, B. (2012) Estimating Ordinal Reliability for Likert-Type and Ordinal Item Response Data: A Conceptual, Empirical, and Practical Guide. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 17, 1-13.
[28] Oishi, S. (2006) The Concept of Life Satisfaction across Cultures: An IRT Analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 411-423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2005.02.002
[29] Pons, D., Atienza, F., Balaguer, I. and Garcia-Merita, M. (2000) Satisfaction with Life Scale: Analysis of Factorial Invariance for Adolescents and Elderly Persons. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91, 62-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.2000.91.1.62
[30] Durak, M., Senol-Durak, E. and Gencoz, T. (2010) Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish University Students, Correctional Officers, and Elderly Adults. Social Indicators Research, 99, 413-429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9589-4
[31] Brayfield, A. and Rothe, H. (1951) An Index of Job Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 35, 307-311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0055617
[32] Mak, B. and Sockel, H. (2001) A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of IS Employee Motivation and Retention. Information & Management, 38, 265-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7206(00)00055-0
[33] Healey, J. (2009) The Essentials of Statistics: A Tool for Social Research. Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Belmont.
[34] Rode, J. (2004) Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction Revisited: A Longitudinal Test of an Integrated Model. Human Relations, 57, 1205-1230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726704047143
[35] Rice, R., Near, J. and Hunt, R. (1980) The Job-Satisfaction/Life-Satisfaction Relationship: A Review of Empirical Research. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 1, 37-64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15324834basp0101_4
[36] Hulin, C. and Smith, P. (1965) A Linear Model of Job Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 49, 209-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0022164
[37] Hunt, J. and Saul, P. (1975) The Relationship of Age, Tenure, and Job Satisfaction in Males and Females. Academy of Management Journal, 18, 690-702. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/255372
[38] Ng, T. and Feldman, D. (2010) The Relationships of Age with Job Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis. Personnel Psychology, 63, 677-718. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2010.01184.x
[39] Perrewé, P., Rosen, C. and Halbesleben, J., Eds. (2014) The Role of Demographics in Occupational Stress and Well Being. Emerald Group Publishing, Bingley.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.