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Using of High Altitude Wind Energy

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DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22010    8,066 Downloads   12,832 Views   Citations


Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current de-signs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This article suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy cable transmission system between the air rotor and a ground based electric generator. The air rotor system flies at high altitude up to 14 km. A stability and control is provided and systems enable the changing of altitude. This article includes six examples having a high unit power output (up to 100 MW). The proposed examples provide the following main advantages: 1) Large power production capacity per unit—up to 5,000 - 10,000 times more than conventional ground-based rotor designs; 2) The rotor operates at high altitude of 1 - 14 km, where the wind flow is strong and steady; 3) Installation cost per unit energy is low; 4) The installation is environmentally friendly (no propeller noise).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Bolonkin, "Using of High Altitude Wind Energy," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 75-85. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22010.


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