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Magnetic Hysteresis and Complex Initial Permeability of Cr3+ Substituted Mn-Zn Ferrites

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.514122    3,337 Downloads   3,951 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The impact of Cr3+ ion on the magnetic properties of Mn0.50Zn0.50CrxFe2-xO4 (with x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) has been studied. Ferrite samples were synthesized by combustion method and sintered at various temperatures (1250°C, 1300°C and 1350°C). The structural properties were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction patterns and indicated that the samples possess single phase cubic spinel structure. The lattice parameter decreases with the increase in Cr3+ content, as the ionic radius of Cr3+ ion is smaller than that of Fe3+. The average grain size (D), bulk density (ρB) and initial permeability μidecreases with increase in Cr3+ content whereas porosity follows its opposite trend. The ρB was found to increase with increase in Cr3+ content as the sintering temperature (Ts) is increased from 1250°C to 1350°C. The Ts affects the densification, grain growth and μi of the samples. The μi strongly depends on average grain size, density and intragranular porosity. The B-H loops of the compositions were measured at room temperature. The saturation magnetization (Ms), coercivity (Hc) and hysteresis losses were studied as a function of Cr3+ content. The Ms was found to decrease with the increase of Cr3+ content, which is attributed to the dilution of A-B interaction.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Alam, F. , Rahman, M. , Khan, M. and Hossain, A. (2014) Magnetic Hysteresis and Complex Initial Permeability of Cr3+ Substituted Mn-Zn Ferrites. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 1223-1233. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.514122.

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