Share This Article:

Can a Massive Graviton be a Stable Particle

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:284KB) PP. 350-353
DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.25043    5,711 Downloads   9,197 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment


This document is based on a question asked in the Dark Side of the Universe 2010 conference in Leon, Mexico, when a researcher from India asked the author about how to obtain a stability analysis of massive gravitons. The answer to this question involves an extension of the usual Pauli_Fiertz Langrangian as written by Ortin, with non- zero graviton mass contributing to a relationship between the trace of a revised GR stress-energy tensor (assuming non- zero graviton mass), and the trace of a revised symmetric tensor times a tiny mass for a 4 dimensional graviton. The resulting analysis makes use of Visser’s treatment of a stress en-ergy tensor, with experimental applications discussed in the resulting analysis. If the square of frequency of a massive graviton is real valued and greater than zero, stability can be possibly confirmed experimentally.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Beckwith, "Can a Massive Graviton be a Stable Particle," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 350-353. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2011.25043.


[1] A. W. Beckwith, “Applications of Euclidian Snyder Geo- metry to the Foundations of Space-Time Physics,” Electronic Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 7, No. 24, 2010, pp. 241-266.
[2] A. Beckwith, “Energy Content of Gravitation as a Way to Quantify Both Entropy and Information Generation in the Early Universe,” Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2011, pp. 58-61. doi:10.4236/jmp.2011.22010
[3] G. Smoot, “CMB Observations and the Standard Model of the Universe,” International Programme of Cosmology Daniel Chalonge “Third Millennium,” Paris, 2007.
[4] M. Maggiore, “Gravitational Waves, Volume 1: Theory and Experiment,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
[5] M. Visser, “Mass for the Graviton,” General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 30, No. 12, 1998, pp. 1717-1728. doi:10.1023/A:1026611026766
[6] R. Durrer and M. Rinaldi, “Graviton Production in Noninflationary Cosmology,” Physical Review D, Vol. 79, No. 6, 2009, p. 063507. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.063507
[7] M. Alcubierre, “Introduction to Numerical Relativity,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
[8] Y. Ng, “Spacetime Foam: From Entropy and Holography to Infinite Statistics and Nonlocality,” Entropy 2008, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2008, pp. 441-461. doi:10.3390/e10040441
[9] G. ‘t Hooft, “The Mathematical Basis for Deterministic Quantum Mechanics,” In: Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, et al., Eds., Beyond the Quantum, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2006.
[10] G. ‘t Hooft, “Determinism beneath Quantum Mechanics,” Report Number: ITP-02/69; SPIN-2002/45.
[11] R. Maartens, “Braneworld Cosmology, Chapter 7 - The Physics of the Early Universe,” Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 653, 2005, pp. 213-252.
[12] U. Sarkar, “Particle and Astroparticle Physics in ‘Series of High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation’,” Taylor & Francis, New York, 2008.
[13] T. Ortin, “Gravity and Strings,” Cambridge University Press, Oxford, 2007.
[14] J. Y. Kim, “Stability and Fluctuation Modes of Giant Gravitons with NSNS B Field,” Physics Letters B, Vol. 529, No. 1-2, 2002, pp. 150-162. doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(02)01233-9
[15] Lloyd, S., “Computational Capacity of the Universe,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 88, No. 23, 2002, p. 237901. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.237901

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.