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Analytical Models for Hurricanes

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DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2014.43019    1,925 Downloads   2,438 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A two-layer theoretical model of hurricanes traveling (quasi-) steadily over open seas has been developed. The use of coherency concept allowed avoiding the common turbulent approximations, except a thin sub-layer near the air/sea interface. The model analytically describes 3D distributions of dynamic and thermodynamic variables in hurricanes and analyzes processes of evaporation and condensation. Using this modeling, the following fundamental problems were naturally resolved-change in the cyclonic/anti-cyclonic directions of hurricane rotation and the directions of radial wind in lower and upper parts of hurricane; increase in wind angular momentum in hurricane boundary layer; dramatic effect of ocean spray and its radial distribution; and a high increase in temperature at the upper region of boundary layer. Additionally, integral balances allowed expressing the governing parameters of field variables via two external parameters, the sailing wind and temperature of a warm air band, in which direction the hurricane travels. A rude model for the hurricane genesis and maturing has also been developed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Leonov, A. (2014) Analytical Models for Hurricanes. Open Journal of Marine Science, 4, 194-213. doi: 10.4236/ojms.2014.43019.

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