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Efficacy of Different Fungicides against Mango Anthracnose in Senegalese Soudanian Agroclimate

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515236    5,211 Downloads   6,433 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Anthracnose is the one of the most devastating diseases of mango produced in the southern part of Senegal. The field trials against post harvest rot due to anthracnose took place in three orchards over two production seasons, in 2009 and 2010. Three systemic fungicides (thiophanate methyl, azoxystrobin and myclobutanyl) and one contact fungicide (mancozeb) were tested for their efficacy. The first treatments in 2009 took place in the rainy season, while 20% of mangoes on trees exhibited anthracnose lesions. At ripening stage, 100% of fruits from non treated control mango trees were affected by anthracnose and got rotten, while between 73.2% and 80% of mangoes ripened free of disease when treated with thiophanate methyl. With the treatment with azoxystrobin, between 46.6% and 60% of fruits were not infected. Treatment with myclobutanyl was less effective. This level of effectiveness was clearly improved in 2010 by preventive spraying, days ahead of onset of the rainy season, before the appearance of anthracnose symptoms on fruits. The level of effectiveness was higher respectively for thiophanate methyl (between 96% and 100% of fruits not infected) and azoxystrobin (between 84% and 96% of fruits not infected).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Diedhiou, P. , Diallo, Y. , Faye, R. , Mbengue, A. and Sene, A. (2014) Efficacy of Different Fungicides against Mango Anthracnose in Senegalese Soudanian Agroclimate. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2224-2229. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515236.

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