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Lung Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Using an Abdominal Compression System, “Air-Bag System”

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DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2014.32015    3,245 Downloads   5,223 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We investigated respiratory tumor motion in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with use of the “Air-Bag System”. 114 patients underwent four-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT) from October 2010 to April 2012. Gross tumor volume (GTV) was 8.1 ± 11.0 cc (range 0.3 - 77.5 cc). The tumor site was the upper and middle lobes in 62 cases, and lower lobe in 52 cases. The Air-Bag SystemTM consists of an inelastic air bag connected to a second smaller elastic air bag. The inelastic air bag is placed between the patient’s body surface and a HipFix and is secured by pressure adjustment via the elastic air bag. To assess respiratory tumor motion, the centroid of the tumor position is measured in the left-right, anterior-posterior, and caudal-cranial directions using the iPlan RT DoseTM treatment planning system. Respiratory tumor motion vector for patients with upper/middle and lower lobe tumors was 3.0 ± 2.2 mm (range, 0.4 - 11.7 mm) and 6.5 ± 4.6 mm (range, 0.4 - 22.0 mm) respectively, with this difference being significant (p < 0.05). Mean respiratory tumor motion for all patients was 0.9 ± 0.6 mm (range, 0.1 - 3.6 mm) in the left-right direction, 1.5 ± 1.1 mm (range, 0.1 - 5.7 mm) in the anterior-posterior direction, 4.1 ± 4.0 mm (range, 0.1 - 21.4 mm) in the caudal-cranial direction, and 4.7 ± 4.0 mm (range, 0.4 - 22.0 mm) overall. The Air-Bag System is expected to be provided an effective reduction in the motion of lung tumors.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Miura, H. , Oh, R. , Masai, N. , Shiomi, H. , Yamada, K. and Inoue, T. (2014) Lung Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Using an Abdominal Compression System, “Air-Bag System”. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology, 3, 98-106. doi: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2014.32015.

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