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Effect of Overlap Stress as Well as Tie Beam Length and Width on Settlement of Isolated Footings Using Finite Element

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DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2014.41004    11,126 Downloads   32,507 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Effects of tie beam length, width and overlap stress on settlement of foundations have been investigated. In this investigation square concrete footings have been used with dimensions (B × B × d) where (d) is footing depth and (B) is footing width (1, 1.5,2 m). Width of tie beam (b) has been taken equal to 0.25, 0.30, 0.40, 0.50 and 0.75 (m). Tie beam length (L) has been taken varying from B till 3B with same footing depth = 0.50 m. Effect of overlap stress on settlement as well as effect of tie beam width and length on settlement has been determined. Also, the efficiency of tie beam length and width has been obtained. An equation is presented to compute the overlap stress zone in case of existing tie beam. It is found that the settlement increases with increasing the length of tie beam which is clear after the effect of the overlap stresses zone. The width of overlap stress zone case of existing tie beam has been found to be equal to (1.6 -1.75) B. The settlement of footings decreases with increasing tie beam width. It is found that the settlement after the effect of the overlap stress zone increases with increasing the length of tie beam.


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Sideek, M. (2014) Effect of Overlap Stress as Well as Tie Beam Length and Width on Settlement of Isolated Footings Using Finite Element. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 4, 35-44. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2014.41004.

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