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An Integrated Analysis Method for miRNA, lncRNA and mRNA Profiles Based on Their Functional and Positional Relationships

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DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B008    4,080 Downloads   6,094 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

ncRNAs have been identified as potential regulatory molecules and have multiple biological roles. Aberrant expression of specific ncRNAs contributes to multiple biological processes and many human diseases. Herein, we simultaneously profiled miRNA, lncRNA and mRNA in human HepG2 and L02 cells applying high-throughput sequencing and micro-array technologies. Abnormal miRNA, lncRNA and mRNA profiles were assessed through fold change filtering. A cross-platform integrated analysis method was developed to analyze differentially expressed miRNA, lncRNA and mRNA profiles. miRNA-mRNA interaction was analyzed according to their functional relationships. Target mRNAs of aberrantly expressed miRNAs were obtained from experimentally validated datasets or predicted using some programs. Generally, multiple target mRNAs were involved, and they have versatile roles by functional enrichment analysis. Ac-cording to actual expression datasets in the study, compared to deregulated miRNAs, these theoretical target mRNAs showed various expression patterns. The consistent or inconsistent expression was mainly derived from complex, mul-tiple, flexible and alternative regulatory relationships between miRNA and mRNA. Further, miRNA/mRNA and lncRNA were completely surveyed based on their location distributions on human chromosomes. Many miRNA-lncRNA and mRNA-lncRNA pairs always were located on the same strand or different strands in the specific genomic region. Due to the location distributions, they might have partly or completely overlapped regions or they could be reverse complementarily binding. These miRNA/mRNA-lncRNA pairs showed consistent or inconsistent expression pat-terns, although they might have functional relationships through reverse complementarily binding events. Moreover, we also detected and analyzed various isomiRs from a given miRNA locus, including those isomiRs with 3’ additional non-template nucleotides. These isomiRs, especially for those 5’ isomiRs with the new “seed sequences” through “seed shifting” events, maybe have potential biological roles as well as isomiR repertoire and their expression patterns. The integrative analysis provides potential functional relationships between miRNA, lncRNA and mRNA across different datasets. The complex and various expression patterns suggest a robust regulatory network across different regulatory molecules and their targets.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Guo, L. , Yang, S. , Zhao, Y. , Zhang, H. , Wu, Q. and Chen, F. (2013) An Integrated Analysis Method for miRNA, lncRNA and mRNA Profiles Based on Their Functional and Positional Relationships. Engineering, 5, 38-41. doi: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B008.

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